Antoine Laurent Lavoisier is known as the "Father of Modern Chemistry". He was born on August 26th 1743 in Paris, France. Being the son of a wealthy lawyer, he received the best education and was surrounded by new knowledge brought from the French Enlightenment. Lavoisier went to the College des Quatre Nations and obtained a license to practice law before he pursued a life a science. When Lavoisier went on to continue science, he studied geology under Jean Etienne Guettard from 1763-1767. Between that time (1765) Lavoisier wrote a report on "How to improve the Paris street lights" which led to his election into the Royal Academy of Science in 1768. Lavoisier married Marie-Anne Pierrette Paulze, daughter of a Farmer General and she was also his collaborator, with her knowledge of English and her skills of engraving and being a draftsman. In addition, he was too a person for the French Revolution and he would propose new tax reforms and other economic ideas. During this Lavoisier’s time, there was very little known about chemistry. Lavoisier contribution to the atom was that he “clarified the concept of an element as a simple substance that could not be broken down by any known method of chemical analysis, and he devised a theory of the formation of chemical compounds from elements” in 1777. Lavoisier is mostly known for being the first to state the law of conservation of mass. He stated that although matter may change its form or shape, its mass always remains the same. In one of the experiments Lavoisier did regarding this theory, he took fruit and put it into a sealed container, measured its mass, and then left it in a warm place for a couple days. He saw how the fruit rotted and that gas released from the fruit and water droplets were on the container. He noted that even though many changes have been made, the mass was still the same. Another experiment he did to further prove this theory, he carefully weighed the reactants and products in a...
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