What is Antisocial Personality Disorder?
Shayne C. Frost
Ivy Tech College
In this paper I will be informing you about Antisocial Personality disorder. I think we all have our own image of what a person with (APD) is but how much do you really know about it? I will be going into the causes of (APD). Things like influences from the environment, and how a person’s home life was as a child. I will be looking at how (APD) is diagnosed by professionals and the many signs and symptoms of (APD). This paper also researches how long (APD) can or will last and who is at risk of getting it. I will also inform you about the risks associated with (APD), how it is treated and possible prevention.
Antisocial Personality Disorder
Antisocial personality disorder (APD) is a type of chronic mental condition in which a person's ways of perceiving situations, thinking and relating to others are dysfunctional — and destructive. People with antisocial personality disorder typically have little or no regard for right and wrong and often disregard the rights, wishes, and personal boundaries of others. Those with antisocial personality disorder tend to antagonize, manipulate and or treat others either harshly or with callous indifference. They may often violate the law, landing in frequent trouble, yet they show no guilt or remorse. They may lie, behave violently or impulsively, and have problems with drug and alcohol use. These characteristics typically make people with antisocial personality disorder unable to fulfill responsibilities related to family, work or school. (mayo clinic, 2014) Now that you have a better understanding of (APD) I will move on to my next point. What causes (APD)? What causes (APD?)
Antisocial personality disorder is thought to be caused by a combination of factors. Having any of these characteristics does not necessarily mean that a person has antisocial personality disorder but these are thought of as causing factors. Influences from the environment. A chaotic family life contributes to the development of this personality disorder, especially where there has been little supervision from parents or other adult role models. The disorder also may be more common where the community is not supportive or provides little reward for positive behavior. In some situations, there may even be reinforcement for sociopathic behavior. Genetic or biological factors. Researchers have found certain physiological responses that may occur more frequently in people with (APD). For example, they have a moderately flat response to stress. They seem to get less anxious than the average person. They seem to have a harder time maintaining daytime stimulation. They also have a weak “startle reflex,” the reflex response to loud noises. This relative insensitivity may affect their ability to learn from reward and punishment. The frontal lobe, the area of the brain that controls judgment and planning, it also appears to be different in people with antisocial personality disorder. Some researchers have found changes in the volume of brain structures that mediate violent behavior. People with this kind of brain function may thus have more difficulty restraining their impulses, which may account for the tendency toward more aggressive behavior. Neurobiologists cannot say with certainty that these variations in brain structure are a cause of antisocial personality. The variations could easily be the result of life experiences that are more common in people with this personality disorder rather than a cause. ( Harvard Health Publications, 2013) Now that we have a better idea of what causes (APD), how does someone find out if they have it? Diagnosis
The diagnosis is made on the basis of a person's history, usually by a mental health professional. There are no laboratory tests to assist in diagnosing this disorder. Other psychiatric disorders, such as a...
References: Harvard Health Publications. (2013). Retrieved from Harvard Medical School Health topics A-Z: http://search.credoreference.com.allstate.libproxy.ivytech.edu/content/entry/hhphealth/antisocial_personality_disorder/0
Mayo clinic. (2014, November 15). Retrieved from Mayo clinic: http://www.mayoclinic.org
NHS Choices. (2014, November 15). Retrieved from NHS Choices: http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/antisocial-personality-disorder/Pages/Introduction.aspx
Pub Med Health. (2014, November 15). Retrieved from U.S. National Library for Medicine: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/
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