Antigone

Topics: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, Attention, Methylphenidate Pages: 8 (2426 words) Published: November 8, 2013


Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Abstract
The research I have done is on the subject of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. Its history, causes, symptoms, treatments, and effects are explained in great detail throughout this data. A few causes of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder are neurological differences in brain development and functioning, hereditary causes, exposure to toxic substances, as well as brain trauma. Causes such as dieting, hormones, poor parenting, and family problems have been accused of causing Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder but have not been verified by medical specialist. Different treatments used for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder are multi-modal, behavior modification, medication, and also educational interventions. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder effects every age group differently and every race differently. A few symptoms of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder are trouble concentrating and staying focused, hyper-focus, disorganization, impulsivity, emotional difficulties, and hyperactivity. If a person with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder goes undiagnosed, they may end up physically or mentally impaired, they will have a hard time with retaining work, and they may also have relationship problems.

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Have you ever had a tough time being still, concentrating, or remembering things? Most of us may behave this way some times. However, when this happens to one very frequently and uncontrollably they are showing signs of the attention deficit mental disorder known as ADHD. It is estimated that 3 to 5 percent of children have Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and over 2 million children in the United States have Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. Based on the statistics given by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, at least one in every 25 children has Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. ADHD usually becomes noticeable during the early childhood. Although many studies focus on ADHD in children, majority of children do not grow out of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder was first described in 1845 in a children’s book called, The Story of Fidgety Philip, which actually gave a in depth description of how a child with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder may act. Not until 1902 was the first case of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder diagnosed. George F. Still gave the first clinical description of the disorder in a series of test done on a group of children who showed signs of impulsivity and behavior problems. According to Still, the symptoms shown in the children were caused by a genetic dysfunction. Since this time, a vast amount of research on the symptoms, treatments, and causes for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder has been done.

There are three different categories of symptoms within Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. Symptoms of inattention include: failure to pay attention to close details, continuously making careless errors, having difficulty listening when being spoken directly to, having difficulty staying organized, being forgetful, and avoidance of things that require a sustained amount of mental effort. Symptoms of hyperactivity include: fidgeting with limps or squirming excessively when seated, running or climbing excessively in which it is inappropriate, talking too much, and also is always pretending as if they are motorized. For example, walking swiftly and pretending as if they were a car. Symptoms of impulsivity include: difficulty waiting, continuously blurting out answers before a question is completed, and constantly interrupting other. If a child shows six or more of the symptoms named frequently, this may result in impairment.

There are four different diagnosed causes of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity...

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"(ADD and ADHD) - Psych Central." Psych Central. Web. 10 Apr. 2012. .
"ADHD Across the Lifespan." Welcome to MyADHD.com! Web. 10 Apr. 2012. .
"ADHD Data and Statistics." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 12 Dec. 2011. Web. 10 Apr. 2012. .
"Adult ADD / ADHD." : Signs, Symptoms, Effects, and Treatment. Web. 10 Apr. 2012. .
"Causes of ADHD." Welcome to MyADHD.com! Web. 10 Apr. 2012. .
"Treatments for ADHD." Welcome to MyADHD.com! Web. 10 Apr. 2012. .
"What Is ADHD?" About.com Psychology. Web. 10 Apr. 2012. .
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