“Antisocial Personality Disorder”
Antisocial personality disorder (APD) is a mental health condition in which a person has a long-term pattern of manipulating, exploiting, or violating the rights of others (NCBI, 2010). Antisocial personality disorder is diagnosed by a pattern of contempt for and desecration of the rights of other people in society. The conclusion of antisocial personality disorder is not given to individuals’ under the age of eighteen and is only given to someone if there is a history of some of the symptoms of conduct or behavior is order before the age of fifteen. Antisocial is given to sociopaths regularly. The diagnosis of antisocial personality disorder is habitually grounded on a combination of a careful examination of their, the sociopaths, cerebral, medical as well psychiatric history and an interview with the patient (Mind, 2011). They show a constant pattern of irresponsible behavior, including failure to find and keep a job for a sustained length of time and refusal to pay bills or debts. The individual also shows no evidence of sadness, regret or remorse for actions that have hurt others (Mind, 2011). Antisocial personality disorder is a complex condition carrying high rates of comorbidity and mortality for individuals as well as harmful consequences for their families and society. People with antisocial personality typically have a cluster of problems. 1. They fail to conform to social norms with respect to lawful behaviors as indicated by repeatedly performing acts that are ground for arrests; they are extremely deceptive or conn people for personal profit or pleasure; impulsively or failure to plan ahead; reckless disregard for safety of self or others and lack of remorse , indicated as being coarse. Despite the publication of National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) guidelines for the disorder, the evidence base and provision of effective treatments remain inadequate, and the belief that the condition is untreatable remains widespread among psychiatrists and other professionals. Literature Review
A personality disorder (PD) is a persistent pattern of thoughts, feelings, and behaviors that are significantly different from what is considered normal within the individuals own principles and beliefs of the world. The individuals are pervasive and inflexible, have an onset in adolescence or early adulthood, are stable over time, but lead to personal distress or impairment.
The severity of symptoms of antisocial personality can vary in severity. The more egregious, harmful, or dangerous behavior patterns are referred to as sociopaths or psychopathic (MedicineNet2014). Throughout many articles there has been a great debate over the two distinctions. Sociopathic is generally characterized as something severely wrong with one’s conscience; psychopathy is characterized as a complete lack of conscience regarding others. Some professionals and psychologist describe people with this constellation of symptoms as “stone cold” to the rights of others. Complications and consequences of this disorder include imprisonment, drug abuse, and alcoholism. Epidemiologic studies and laboratory research consistently link alcohol use with aggression. Recent research suggests that people with antisocial personality disorder may be more prone to alcohol related problems than individuals without antisocial personality disorder (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 4th. 1994). As a group of, people with antisocial personality disorder have higher rates of alcoholic dependency. Likewise, in laboratory studies, people with antisocial personality show great aggressive behaviors after consuming alcohol than people without antisocial personality disorder. Not all people who drink who consume alcohol become aggressive. It all depends on different factors, such biological factors, emotional factors, etc....
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