Anthropology

Satisfactory Essays
Anthropology Jan15th, 2008

Cultural Anthropology

-Margaret Mead went to eastern Samoa in 1925 when she was 23, and spent nine months in the field studying childrearing patterns and adolescent behaviour
-Renato Rosaldo the Ilongot Head-hunters
-Clifford Geertz: the Balinese cockfight
-Douglass Drozdow-St. Christian: what Samoans consider “good and proper body” and the meanings of making babies into “good and proper bodies”

Anthropology 025
Introduction to Socio-cultural Anthropology

Ethnographic Method- Immersion of researchers in the lives and cultures of the peoples they are trying to understand in order to comprehend the meanings these people ascribe to their existence (Robbins & Larkin 2006:310).

Participant Observation- The active participation of a researcher or observer in the lives of this being studied (Robbins & Larkin 2006:311)

>Earlier Ethnographers:
Focus in small-scale less complex societies that fell outside the sphere of European influence and culture

Anthropological Theories

>Evolutionism/Diffusionism:
All societies pass through a series of stages.

Lewis Morgan: Proposed that societies progress from inferior to superior under 3 stages: salvages, barbarians and civilized

>American Historicism or Historical Particularism:
The collection of ethnographic facts through direct fieldwork must precede the development of cultural theories.

Franz Boas: Dedicated to physical anthropology, geography and ethnology as taught on Germany.

Jan 22
French Structiralis

Ethnoscience:

The ethnographer must describe a culture in terms of native categories (emic view) rather than in terms of his/her own categories

Principal Advocate: Sturtevant, Goodenough

Cultural Materialism:

Material conditions determine human consciousness and behaviour

Stressed the “etic” view this means they advocated themselves to the analytical framework and tools used by outsiders in searching for patterns and

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