Ant and C. Army Ants

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Topics: Ant
ANTS
Introduction
I. There are some species of ants such as; leaf cutter, army, harvester, weaver, honey pot, argentine, trap jaw fire, black garden, red stinging, yellow meadow and wood ants.
A. According to studies each ant has its own business. Some of them defend the ant nest, some of them carry food.
B. Each species of ants have their own distinct characteristics. Like, leaf cutter ants cut the leafs and carry them to nest.
C. Army Ants are nomadic and they are always moving.
(Transition): After talking about general issues moving into former topics will be beneficial for my audience to understand well and to remember easily.
Body
I. There are some interesting and special features of ants.
A. An ant brain has about 250 000 brain cells. A human brain has 10,000 million so a colony of 40,000 ants has collectively the same size brain as a human.
B. Ants can lift 20 times their own body weight.
C. The average life expectancy of an ant is 45-60 days.
D. Ants use their antennae not only for touch, but also for their sense of smell.
E. At night the worker ants move the eggs and larvae deep into the nest to protect them from the cold.
II. Ants live in a society which is consisted of ants.
A. There is a queen in each nest. The job of the queen is to lay eggs which the worker ants look after.
B. Worker ants are sterile; they look for food, look after the young, and defend the nest from unwanted visitors.
C. Each colony of ants has its own smell. In this way, intruders can be recognized immediately.
D. The Slave-Maker Ant (Polyergus Rufescens) raids the nests of other ants and steals their pupae.
(Transition): To answer the possible questions in the audience’s mind I will show some visual objects. These are photos and videos. Also it is possible that some of them may have visual intelligence so these videos will be beneficial for them.
Conclusion
I. Ants have two vital effects on the environment.
A. They move soil for building their nests and by

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