The Navajo are the largest federally recognized tribe of the United States of America with 300,048 enrolled tribal members. The Navajo call themselves Diné. Like most others, the Navajo were semi-nomadic from the sixteenth century up to the twentieth century. They moved seasonally to accommodate their livestock and to be able to plant and harvest their main vegetables to survive. The main resources were corn, squash and beans. Also cattle and goats. Navajos are believed to have originally migrated from western Canada and belonged to an American Indian group called the Athabasca’s. According to some scientists, some Athabasca bands first came into the American Southwest around the year 1300. Some settled in southern Arizona and New Mexico and became the different Apache tribes. Apache languages sound very much like Navajo. By the year 1700, Navajos were living in northern Arizona, New Mexico, southern Colorado and Utah. They gave their land the name of Diné tah. The largest reservation belongs to the Navajo people. Their reservation covers an area of about 27, 000 square miles that is located in northeastern Arizona, northwestern New Mexico, and a small part of southeastern Utah.
The Navajo people’s primary mode of subsistence is pastoralism. Pastoralism is a
References: Kunitz, Stephen J. Economic Variation on the Navajo Reservation. Human Organization, Vol. 36, Pg. 186. Retrieved from http://www.ashford.com/Library. Bell, R. Prominence of women in Navajo healing beliefs and values. Nursing and Healthcare. Vol. 30, Pg. 232. Retrieved from http://www.ashford.com/Library. Lamphere, Louise. Replacing Heteronormative views of Kinship and Marriage. (2005). American Ethnologist. Vol. 32, Pg. 34-36. Retrieved from http://www.ashford.com/Library. http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/40170290?uid=3739256&uid=2129&uid=2&uid=70&uid=4&sid=21101990915783 http://www.everyculture.com/North-America/Navajo-Economy.html