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Ans And Meth 3

By Tomas-Lebedevas Apr 13, 2015 498 Words
NAME: Tomas Lebedevas TITLE: Social Darwinism vs Darwinism
After Darwin made his theory of evolution the theory of Social Darwinism was created. Susan Jacoby in her book, “the Age of American Unreason”, was very critical of this theory and attributed its popularity it to the rise anti-intellectualism and anti-intellectualism in the United States culture. She describes how the pseudoscience was created from the actual scientific theory of evolution in order to push American elitist views on why there is inequality in society. Social Darwinism is the idea that people are successful in the modern world today, because they or more fit for survival than those who do not. The creed for Social Darwinism makes the case that social success equates to evolutionary success in a contemporary world. People who argue for Social Darwinism use Darwin’s explanation of survival of certain species based on their fitness. Supporters contend that this parallels to the phrase, “survival of fittest”, which can be used to describe how some humans stay in poverty while others are able to create fortunes and avoid perishing from some dangers in modern society. It is important to note that Darwin never coined the term, “survival of the fittest”, and other theorist just used it as interpretation to support their own ideals. They saw Darwin’s observations about man in a state of nature as a guideline for how human beings should treat one another. This theory describes the rich as a superior species, because they are a product of natural selection. The arguments made for Social Darwinism in the early nineteenth century are still made today. Jacoby argues that this way of thinking about Darwin’s ideas is irrational. She describes Social Darwinism as a pseudoscience or junk science much like astronomy or alchemy. Meaning that although its’ rhetoric utilizes scientific terms it actually is fundamentally unscientific. Social Darwinism is relatable to Darwin’s theory to an extent, but it is important to note that Darwin only studied animals. Jacoby contends that the purpose of these ideological fixations is too mass produce cultural ideas that some people are better than others. It helped make things like poverty and lack of medical attention appear to be part of a natural world. This justification can be attributed to the rising gap between America’s elite class and the vast majority of people who live below the poverty line. Most scientists will tell you that Social Darwinism has no scientific merit. The concept of, “survival of the fittest”, does not accurately match up with Darwin’s ideas. In The Descent of Man Darwin stated that environmental factors and moral concerns supersede natural selection once a man leaves a state of nature into civilization. While actual things like fossils can be used as objective proof for the science of evolution, there is no evidence that does the same for Social Darwinism. The idea of that some men are superior to others is dangerous one and can only be prevented through education to the masses.

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