Annotated Bibliography. The persistence of poverty

Topics: Poverty, Food security, Non-profit organization Pages: 6 (1890 words) Published: June 20, 2013
Annotated Bibliography

Karelis, C. (2008). The persistence of poverty. ESR Review, 10(1), 28-33. Retrieved May 13, 2012, from ABI/INFORM Global. (Document ID: 1477242731). This paper explores the idea that poverty is itself persistent and that poverty is part of the natural order. Contemporary American writers regularly take society to task over the fact that the US poverty rate has been essentially the same for forty years, despite significant increases in the per capita domestic product. Among the most important causes of why poor people often stay poor are five behaviors or, better, non-behaviors: not working, not finishing school, not saving for a rainy day, not moderating alcohol consumption, and not living within the law. Poor people need money the most. If marginal utility is increasing at low levels of consumption, then typical people whose consumption is very low will derive very little utility from a bit more consumption. The author continues that poverty is a self-sustaining condition not a self-eliminating one, therefore poverty is natural. Natural does not mean it is ineradicable because there are constructive options and poverty reducing behaviors. It is important to stop those who are not really poor but who are not suffering material shortages and just underreport income. For the motivation of the participants will be reduced and there will be public mistrust for the system. To help the very low income, the author proposed supplementing the wages. This will entice those working to continue to work and also to encourage those not working to get a job.

Greenberg, M., Greenberg, G., & Mazza, L.. (2010). Food pantries, poverty, and social justice. american journal of public health, 100(11), 2021-2. Retrieved May 13, 2012, from ABI/INFORM Global. (Document ID: 2166665391).

This paper addresses food insecurity in United States. The United States Department of Agriculture defines household food insecurity as the absence of sufficient food for a healthy and active lifestyle for all household members and existing food that does not meet nutritional requirements. The food insecure proportion of the US population increased from 11.1% to almost 14.6% between 2007 and 2008. The prevalence of very low food security the food intake of one or more adults was reduced and eating patterns disrupted because of insufficient resources increased from 4.1% to 5.7%. The US government's lack of economic support contributes to the widening inequality in the nation. During a period of economic distress, government and for-profit organization budgets are squeezed and the vulnerability of marginalized people rises, as does the stress on small nonprofit organizations that try to fill part of the gap that some government and for-profit donors have left. This paper goes on to say elected officials and agency staff are responsible for assessing the reality, developing appropriate policies, and communicating these rather than bowing to politically convenient slogans for ignoring the poor. Nonprofit agencies are no longer able to fill the void.

Gustavsson, N., & MacEachron, A.. (2010). Poverty and of child welfare, 101 years later. Social Work, 55(3), 279-80. Retrieved May 13, 2012, from Research Library. (Document ID: 2154431101).

This paper does a review of families served by child welfare reveals that many of the families are poor. Most of the referrals to Child Protective Services allege neglect, which is strongly associated with poverty (Sedlak & Broadhurst, 1996; U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2008). The overrepresentation of African Americans in the child welfare system suggests that race may serve to exacerbate the role of socioeconomic status. Poverty is a threat to the well-being of children. The disadvantages of poverty are cumulative. Poor families come to the attention of child welfare for poverty-related issues. Children can be hungry, be living in substandard housing or be...

References: Greenberg, M., Greenberg, G., & Mazza, L.. (2010). Food pantries, poverty, and social justice. american journal of public health, 100(11), 2021-2. Retrieved May 13, 2012, from ABI/INFORM Global. (Document ID: 2166665391).
Gustavsson, N., & MacEachron, A.. (2010). Poverty and child welfare, 101 years later. Social Work, 55(3), 279-80. Retrieved: May 13, 2012, from Research Library. (Document ID: 2154431101).
Karelis, C. (2008). The persistence of poverty. ESR Review, 10(1), 28-33 Retrieved from ABI/INFORM Global database. (1477242731)
Kelly, D., & Lewis, A. (2010). Business Strategy Series, 11(3), 192-199. Funding of human service sector nonprofit organizations. Retrieved from ABI/INFORM Global database. (2017536071)
Moxley, D. (2004). Factors influencing the successful use of vision- based strategy planning by nonprofit human service organizations. International Journal of Organization Theory and Behavior, 7(1), 107-132. Retrieved May 13, 2012, from ABI/INFORM Global. (Document ID: 622061751).
Nesbit, R., & Brudney, J. (2010). At your service? volunteering and national service in 2020. Public Administration Review: Special Issue on the Future of Public Administration in 2020, 70, S107-S113. Retrieved May 13, 2012, from ABI/INFORM Global. (Document ID: 2274832341).
Rogers, R. (2009). Community collaboration: practices of effective collaboration as reported by three urban faith-based social service programs. Social Work and Christianity, 36(3), 326-345. Retrieved May 13, 2012, from ProQuest Religion. (Document ID: 1863252901).
Westover, J., & Wagner, J.. (2010). Helping nonprofits measure up: a new evaluation approach to help npo 's reduce poverty and increase economic self-reliance. International Journal of Management and Innovation, 2(2), 44-53. Retrieved May 13, 2012, from ABI/INFORM Global. (Document ID: 2436090521).
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