Annotated Bibliography. The persistence of poverty

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Annotated Bibliography

Karelis, C. (2008). The persistence of poverty. ESR Review, 10(1), 28-33. Retrieved May 13, 2012, from ABI/INFORM Global. (Document ID: 1477242731).
This paper explores the idea that poverty is itself persistent and that poverty is part of the natural order. Contemporary American writers regularly take society to task over the fact that the US poverty rate has been essentially the same for forty years, despite significant increases in the per capita domestic product. Among the most important causes of why poor people often stay poor are five behaviors or, better, non-behaviors: not working, not finishing school, not saving for a rainy day, not moderating alcohol consumption, and not living within the law. Poor people need money the most. If marginal utility is increasing at low levels of consumption, then typical people whose consumption is very low will derive very little utility from a bit more consumption. The author continues that poverty is a self-sustaining condition not a self-eliminating one, therefore poverty is natural. Natural does not mean it is ineradicable because there are constructive options and poverty reducing behaviors. It is important to stop those who are not really poor but who are not suffering material shortages and just underreport income. For the motivation of the participants will be reduced and there will be public mistrust for the system. To help the very low income, the author proposed supplementing the wages. This will entice those working to continue to work and also to encourage those not working to get a job.

Greenberg, M., Greenberg, G., & Mazza, L.. (2010). Food pantries, poverty, and social justice. american journal of public health, 100(11), 2021-2. Retrieved May 13, 2012, from ABI/INFORM Global. (Document ID: 2166665391). This paper addresses food insecurity in United States. The United States Department of Agriculture defines household food insecurity as the absence of sufficient



References: Greenberg, M., Greenberg, G., & Mazza, L.. (2010). Food pantries, poverty, and social justice. american journal of public health, 100(11), 2021-2. Retrieved May 13, 2012, from ABI/INFORM Global. (Document ID: 2166665391). Gustavsson, N., & MacEachron, A.. (2010). Poverty and child welfare, 101 years later. Social Work, 55(3), 279-80. Retrieved: May 13, 2012, from Research Library. (Document ID: 2154431101). Karelis, C. (2008). The persistence of poverty. ESR Review, 10(1), 28-33 Retrieved from ABI/INFORM Global database. (1477242731) Kelly, D., & Lewis, A. (2010). Business Strategy Series, 11(3), 192-199. Funding of human service sector nonprofit organizations. Retrieved from ABI/INFORM Global database. (2017536071) Moxley, D. (2004). Factors influencing the successful use of vision- based strategy planning by nonprofit human service organizations. International Journal of Organization Theory and Behavior, 7(1), 107-132. Retrieved May 13, 2012, from ABI/INFORM Global. (Document ID: 622061751). Nesbit, R., & Brudney, J. (2010). At your service? volunteering and national service in 2020. Public Administration Review: Special Issue on the Future of Public Administration in 2020, 70, S107-S113. Retrieved May 13, 2012, from ABI/INFORM Global. (Document ID: 2274832341). Rogers, R. (2009). Community collaboration: practices of effective collaboration as reported by three urban faith-based social service programs. Social Work and Christianity, 36(3), 326-345. Retrieved May 13, 2012, from ProQuest Religion. (Document ID: 1863252901). Westover, J., & Wagner, J.. (2010). Helping nonprofits measure up: a new evaluation approach to help npo 's reduce poverty and increase economic self-reliance. International Journal of Management and Innovation, 2(2), 44-53. Retrieved May 13, 2012, from ABI/INFORM Global. (Document ID: 2436090521).

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