Human Growth and Development
South University Online
February 26, 2013
[Adulthood and Social Development]
[Sturaro, C., Denissen, J. J. A., van Aken, M. A. G., & Asendorpf, J. B. (2008). Person-environment transactions during emerging adulthood: The interplay between personality characteristics and social relationships. European Psychologist, 13(1), 1-11.]
The authors and researchers purpose for this article is to examine a person’s environment transactions when emerging into adulthood. As well as looking at the interplay between a person personality characteristics and their social relationships. The research was conducted to see how social relationship quality and the change in personality that can be influence by their environment. “endogenous dispositions that follow intrinsic paths of development essentially independent of environmental influences” (McCrae et al., 2000, p. 173). Emerging into adulthood is considering the role of life’s course, and it starts from the age 18 to 25 this is also a psychological change when a person has reach this stage. The researcher’s question, what causes the emerging into adulthood? The answer is that age grades and social roles may be associated with the personality maturity. The methods that was used in the research was 154 participants all ranging from the age 17 and 23 years old. There were given a self- description questionnaire that evaluated there self- esteem and quality in social relationships. (Asendorpf & Wilpers, 1998; Neyer & Asendorpf, 2001). There was three hypothesis conducted for the article which all states that same answer which is the social support and conflict in a 17 and 23 year old can be correlated with the changes in personality all in the same time period. The researchers use Big Five Factor Theory to conducted there search on personality and social relationships. Researchers also examined the relationship with parents and best friends. Results for this study indicate that there is a change of personality in both ages 17 and 23 during emerging adulthood while showing that social relationship quality is influence by the environment. The nature of emerging adulthood is to be considered a psychological feature that characterizes an individual with a secure identity, which will assist them with all the commitments in their roles in adulthood (Arnett, 2004). The conclusion for the article shows that the development of personality transaction with social relationship quality emerging into adulthood showed that this study was right about the rank stability begin correlation of personality characteristics for about 6 years. There was also examine done to see how well the stability of social relationship quality worked, results showed that there was a low rank in the development of personality characteristics. (Roberts and DelVecchio, 2000). There was an investigation that showed the changes between personality and social relationship quality that has a parallel continuities to their hypothesis. So as expected both the quality of social relationship show that there was less than personality characteristics. The results were much consented to what the researcher found. In my conclusion this article relates to my course reading deals with the physical changes in adults. It examines how in this stage of adulthood in when an individual is just learning how to cope with leaving the nest and begin independent. The article stated that adult’s personality changes between the ages of 17 and 23 due to their environment which is true, because when in a new surrounding we tend to adapt to what is around us throughout the life span. I also believe that the environment that were in does tend to have an effect on a person’s behavior that’s why it’s good to surround yourself around positive people and things.
[Adulthood and Gender Development]...
References: [Sturaro, C., Denissen, J. J. A., van Aken, M. A. G., & Asendorpf, J. B. (2008). Person-environment transactions during emerging adulthood: The interplay between personality characteristics and social relationships. European Psychologist, 13(1), 1-11.]
[Sneed, J. R., Johnson, J. G., Cohen, P., Gilligan, C., Chen, H., Crawford, T. N., & Kasen, S. (2006). Gender differences in the age-changing relationship between instrumentality and family contact in emerging adulthood. Developmental Psychology, 42(5), 787-797.]
[McAuley, E., Elavsky, S., Jerome, G. J., Konopack, J. F., & Marquez, D. X. (2005). Physical activity-related well-being in older adults: Social cognitive influences. Psychology and Aging, 20(2), 295-302.]
[Grühn, D., Scheibe, S., & Baltes, P. B. (2007). Reduced negativity effect in older adults ' memory for emotional pictures: The heterogeneity-homogeneity list paradigm. Psychology and Aging, 22(3), 644-649.]
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