Annotated Bibliography

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Topics: Agriculture
Annotated Bibliography of Subsistence Farming
Christie M. Bravo
ITT Tech Institute

EN1420
Ms. Patane
August 15, 2013

* Subsistence Farming: An Annotated Bibliography
Freedman, B. (2004). "Slash-and-Burn Agriculture.". The Gale Encyclopedia of Science. Ed. K. Lee Lerner and Brenda Wilmoth Lerner. 3rd ed. Vol. 5, 3649-3650.
The slash-and-burn is an agricultural system used in tropical countries, in which a forest is cut, the debris is burned, and the land is then used to grow crops. Slash-and-burn conversions are relatively stable and long-term in nature, and they are the leading cause of tropical deforestation. There is a type of slash-and-burn system that is used when extensive areas of tropical forest are converted into large
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An expanding human population has led to increased farming and accelerated soil erosion. When the soil has a low capacity to retain water, farmers must pump groundwater up and spray it over crops. The local water table will eventually fall. This water depletion can impact native vegetation in the area and have been doing this for several years. Agroforestry is a method of cultivating both crops and trees on the same land. Farmers plant agricultural crops between the rows of tree that generate income during the time it take the trees to grow mature enough to produce earnings from nuts or lumber. There are four tiers to follow for successful agricultural crops.

Haab, T. F. (2009). Payments for sustainability: a case study on subsistence farming in Ecuador. Harvard International Review. In Latin America, innovations are being created in the environmental policy for economist to make payments for environmental services. Rural households who pertain to the PES vary of their obligations due to their circumstances and livelihood strategies. The people, who are involved in the subsistence farming, give up a few hectares that yield little output in exchange for an unvarying conservation payment can be appealed, even if that payment
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The process of production involved various combinations of cash, barter, and sharecropping, the whole system rested on the fact that the crop was eventually sold on the market; in contrast, there would have been no reason to grow crops beyond what was needed to subsist. The market revolution absolutely revolutionized the lives that it touched. The changes that it wrought even extended to the religious sensibilities expressed by the people whose lives were disrupted by the market revolution. The market revolution also transformed the culture and the religious life of the United States in the period between the Revolution and the Civil War ("Market Revolution (Issue)." ,

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