Anna Hazare and His Fast and Fight Against Corruption and for Fundamental Rights of the People in India … A Revolution
Anna Hazare is an Indian social activist and an eminent leader in the 2011 Indian anti-corruption movement, using nonviolent methods following the teachings of Mahatma Gandhi. Hazare also contributed to the development and structuring of Ralegan Siddhi. He was awarded the Padma Bhushan—the third-highest civilian award—by the Government of India in 1992 for his fervent efforts in establishing this village as a model for others.
How did this revolutionary leader bring about the transformation of Ralegan Siddhi? The following steps were taken by Anna Hazare to transform the village of Ralegan Siddhi:- Prohibition of alcohol
Setting up of the Grain Bank
Watershed development programme
Promotion of Education
Removal of Untouchability
Amendments in the Gram Sabha Act
Anti-corruption protests in Maharashtra
Gholap filed a defamation suit against Hazare for accusing him of corruption. Hazare was imprisoned in the Yerawada Jail to serve a three-month sentence. Later, due to public protests, the Government of Maharashtra ordered his release from the jail. After release, Hazare wrote a letter to the then chief minister demanding Gholap's removal for his role in alleged malpractices. Gholap resigned from the cabinet on 27 April 1999. In 2003 corruption charges were raised by Hazare against four ministers of the Congress-NCP government. He started his fast unto death on 9 August 2003. He ended his fast on 17 August 2003 after the then chief minister formed a one-man commission headed by the retired justice to probe his charges.
Anna’s Fight and Fast for Fundamental Rights
Right to Information movement
In the early 2000s Hazare led a movement in Maharashtra state which forced the state government to enact a revised Maharashtra Right to Information Act. On 20 July 2006 the Union Cabinet amended the Right to Information Act 2005 to exclude the file noting by the government officials from its purview. Hazare began his fast unto death on 9 August 2006 against the proposed amendment. He ended his fast on 19 August 2006, after the government agreed to change its quondam decision. Regulation of Transfers and Prevention of Delay in Discharge of Official Duties Act Anna fought hard for a law whereby a government servant must clear a file within a specified time and that transfers must take place only after three years. This act provides for disciplinary action against officials who move files slowly and enables monitoring officials who stay too long in a post, or in a department, and for involvement in a corrupt nexus. Campaign against liquor from food grains
Electoral reform movement
In 2011, Anna Hazare demanded an amendment to the electoral law to incorporate the option of “None Of The Above” in the electronic voting machines during the Indian elections, in case of non-availability of any candidate of his choice, as his Right to Reject.
Lokpal Bill Movement…A Wider Horizon
In 2011, Hazare initiated a Satyagraha movement for passing a stronger anti-corruption Lokpal (ombudsman) bill in the Indian Parliament as conceived in the Jan Lokpal Bill (People's Ombudsman Bill). This draft bill incorporated more stringent provisions and wider power to the Lokpal than the draft Lokpal bill prepared by the government in 2010. These include placing "the Prime Minister within the ambit of the proposed lokpal’s powers".
Hunger Strike in Delhi
Hazare began his Indefinite Fast on 5 April 2011 at Jantar Mantar in Delhi to press for the demand to form a joint committee of the representatives of the Government and the civil society to draft a stronger anti-corruption bill with stronger penal actions, after his demand was rejected by the Prime Minister of India. Hazare described his movement as the second freedom struggle and decided that he would not allow any politician to sit with...
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