Animal Testing

Topics: Animal testing, Animal rights, People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals Pages: 6 (2036 words) Published: May 10, 2013
Table of Content

Table of content……………………………………………………... i

Abstract……………………………………………………………… ii

Introduction…………………………………………………………. 1

Literature review and Discussion……………………………….... 2 – 5

Conclusion………………………………………………………….... 6

Reference…………………………………………………………..... 7 - 8

Abstract

Many people have heard of the phrase animal testing but perhaps none of them actually know what it is or what it is involved with. Animal testing refers to experimentation, which is carried out on animals; it is used to ensure safety and effectiveness from medication to cosmetics. While some supporters consider it as a necessary practice, others believe it involves the torture of animals thus they oppose its use. Animal testing is conducted everywhere and its uses are broad. They take place in such places as universities, medical schools & military establishments etc. They are used in countless products and applications. Most of our medications have been likely tested on animals to ensure its safety. Some of the products that commonly involve animal testing are cosmetics, drugs, food additives etc. It is a controversial subject, those against it consider it as to be a cruel method and that is against animal rights. They would define animal testing as nothing more than animal suffering and torture. On the other hand, who support it is considered as experimentation that uses animals to benefit humans. I believe that animal testing is a necessary practice in order to ensure humans safety, where it saves lives and supplies humans with essential medical treatments.

I. Introduction
There is no doubt that throughout history, animals have played a central role in medical research. Many of the treatments we have today for serious diseases have come from animal research. Animal research is the use on non-human animals in research with the intent to determine the safety of substances for human use or consumption. It has been recorded that the use of animals in research has been going on as far back as the Greeks proven from their writings. Aristotle who lived in the 4th century BC was one of the first who put forth the idea of using animals for the purpose of scientific research. Several products and medications are first tested on animals for safety or to check the associated side effects of the products. It has been found that every year millions of different kinds of animals are used only for the purpose of experimentation, which is often a horrifying experience for the animals. Animal testing is banned in several countries; however, it is still found that many developed countries undertake this practice. Animal testing debate had two groups at loggerheads, one of which was in favor of this practice and other against it. While the debate surrounding this issue continues, the arguments that each of these two groups resort to have changed considerably. I’m pro animal testing due to my beliefs, which are that human beings should exploit animals but not harm them. Given below area some questions will describe the point of view of the two groups whether pro animal testing or against animal testing.

1. Is Animal testing really necessary?
2. Should Animal Testing be banned?
3. What are the alternatives of Animal Testing?
4. What is the social response against Animal Testing?
5. What are the religious views toward Animal Testing?

II. Literature review and Discussion
Is animal testing really necessary?
According to Winston (2006), animal testing is no longer necessary because modern technology can replace the use of animals. Nowadays researches use modern technology, such as computer models and tissue cultures in their research. However, many factors affect both human and animal lives but it can only be studied using research animals. The use of research animals has been and will continue to be essential in order to find the causes and cure for many diseases. I disagree with...

References: Gharebaghti, R. Mahdavi, M. Ghasemi, H. Dibaei, A; and Heidary, F. (2007). Animal rights in
Islam
Mason, H. (2004). Americans Unruffled by Animal Testing. Retrieved July 20, 2012, from
http://www.gallup.com/poll/11767/Americans-Unruffled-Animal-Testing.aspx
PETA (People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals). (2010). Animal Rights Campaign Group,
Retrieved July 20, 2012 from http://www.peta.org/issues/animals-used-for-experimentation/default.aspx
PETA (People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals). (2012). Animal Testing Is Bad Science,
Retrieved July 20, 2012 from http://www.peta.org/issues/animals‐used‐for‐experimentation/animal-testing‐bad‐science.aspx
Ryder, R. (2005). All beings that feel pain deserve human rights. Retrieved July 20, 2012, from
http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2005/aug/06/animalwelfare
Russell, W.M.S. and Burch, R.L. 1959. Principles of Humane Experimental Technique. Methuen,
London
Schermxerhorn, L. Darnell, L. Wheeler, A. (2012), The Importance of Animal Testing in Human
Society
Tallis, R. (2004). The Knowing Animal: A Philosophical Inquiry into Knowledge and Truth.
Retrieved July 20, 2012, from http://www.raymondtallis.com
Winston, R
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