10 may, 2014
Animal testing is the act of using non-human animals in research, development projects or scientific experiments. Hundreds of millions of animals are being used annually for scientific research, but because some countries do not collect this data, the precise number will always be unknown. Many questions arise when talking about this issue such as: Are there any cures that have resulted from animal testing, are humans superior to animals, and are there alternatives to this type of testing? Out of the many medical advancements that have resulted from animal testing, there are ten that strike me as very important to the survival of mankind. The first is Penicillin. Penicillin was tested on mice in the 1940s. By 1941, Penicillin was being used to treat dying soldiers. This research eventually won the Nobel Prize in 1945. The second is blood transfusion. Blood transfusions have saved the lives of countless people and animals. The technique was developed when citrated blood was shown to be safe for transfusion in dogs in 1914. The third achievement was the first medicine for tuberculosis. About 100 years ago, tuberculosis was one of the most common causes of death. Nobel Prize-winning research on guinea pigs in the 1940s led to the antibiotic streptomycin. The fourth was the Meningitis vaccine. These vaccines were developed in mice and have resulted in a huge fall in the disease. Previously many victims died or had amputations or organ damage. The fifth achievement is the kidney transplant. Of the 5,000 people who develop kidney failure every year in the UK, one in three would die without a kidney transplant. Transplantation techniques were developed using dogs and pigs. The sixth is breast cancer. Breast cancer is the commonest cancer among women. Animal studies led to the development of tamoxifen, one of the most successful treatments, and more recently Herceptin and aromatase inhibitors....
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