Animal Rights: The Method to Alternatives
Experimenting on animals, and particularly on humans, is often assumed to be a uniquely modern phenomenon. It has been boldly used for centuries to improve scientific and psychological views, disregarding the pain and suffering of animals. We forget in between all these logical improvements that animals feel and react as humans do, even when human’s misconception of superiority come into place. In 1959, Russell and Burch published The Principles of Humane Experimental Technique, which introduced the “3Rs” of alternative experimental methods (“Alternatives In Research”). To view the importance of alternatives to save animals, Burch used the “3Rs” advocates for test methods that refine, reduce, and the most important, replace these experimentations on animals onto something more cost effective, faster and relevant to humans. Animal testing has killed, extinct, and changed the view of science in the world making it a scene of horrible abuse to creatures. However, An “In vitro”, HPS “Human Patient Simulator, and Research with human volunteers are all methods that have been developed for scientist and researchers to use as alternatives for animal testing. All these alternatives have proven effectiveness without using harmful experimentations on animals. The moral status of animal testing is questioned and very criticized by the world no matter the pros or cons of the situation. It has become an epidemic issue that harms millions of animals in the United States every year. We have managed to cruelly kill and inhumanly hurt animals because we rise above our own regulations and not test these experiments on ourselves. If we compare research done by Nazi scientists on humans as a horrible racist manner, I believe we can relate the harm and inhumane experimentations we are doing to these creatures. “Over one thousand people died as a direct result of such experiments,” and unbearable number of all the animals that have died by human experimentations are by far greater (Guerrini 138). Scientists and researchers experiment these chemicals on animals for household items such as, cosmetics, cleaning products and general things normally used in a regular basis, but these experimentations are decreasing animal life and are not even reliable experimentations. An “In vitro a (test tube or, “in glass,”) research and human cell cultures,” have proven superior to animal tests allowing to replicate human skin (“Alternatives In Research”). Harvard’s Wyss institute created, “organs on chips,” called in Vitro research, but commonly known as, “test tube experiments,” contain human cells grown in a state of the art system to mimic the structure and functions of human organs (“Alter. to Animal Testing”). These chips can be used instead of animals in “disease research, testing drugs, and toxicity testing,” and they have been shown to replicate human physiology more accurately than animal experimentations do (“Alternatives In Research”). These cell based tests and tissue models are used to assess the safety of products we use. Companies and corporations have already begun to turn these chips into products that researchers can purchase at a cost-effective price in place of live animals. “CeeTox (bought by Cyprotex)” developed a method to figure the potential of a substance that can cause skin allergy in humans that incorporates “Tissue Model, a 3-dimensional, human cell–derived skin model” that replicates traits of normal human skin (“Alter. to Animal Testing”). Cee Tox replaces the use of animals that would have to go through a series of painful injected substances or applied on to their shaved skin, which can help to end the immoral numbers of animals used in experimentations every day. In a researcher’s lab, culturing cells and obtaining tissues from “human volunteers, surgical operations, and biopsies” are important in use of in vitro studies as how the cells that were taken from Henrietta Lacks in 1951...
Cited: “Alternatives in Research.” neavs since 1895. n.p. 2014
“Alternatives to Animal Testing.” Peta: People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals. n.p. 2014
Guerrini, Anita. Experimenting with Humans and Animals: From Galen to Animal Rights.
Baltimore, Maryland: Johns Hopkins University Press. 2003. Print.
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