Loyalty is Power
Loyalty is the willingness to make an investment or personal sacrifice to strengthen a cause. Loyal subjects are vulnerable to exploitation because of their trust in their leader’s agenda. In George Orwell’s political satire, Animal Farm, a pig named Napoleon leads the animals of Manor Farm in a rebellion against the tyrannical farmer Mr. Jones. They succeed in driving away all the humans, turning the farm into an animal utopia, and establishing their own system of government, Animalism, in which all living things are equal. As the leader of the rebellion freed the animals from the injustices sustained from Mr. Jones, Napoleon is trusted by the animals of Manor Farm. Over time, Napoleon abuses his position by taking the choice food for himself and the other pigs. Although Napoleon employs many different strategies to maintain his power, securing the loyalty of the animals proves the most effective tactic because it silences them from questioning his authority, allows him to manipulate and exploit them, and helps him eliminate any rivals that might threaten his absolute rule.
Due to the animals’ loyalty towards Napoleon, they fail to see how unfairly they are treated and allow Napoleon to take advantage of his position in power. The animals conform to Napoleon’s views because they trust him as the leader of the rebellion that freed them from the humans. Thus, when Squealer explains that apples and milk will be distributed only to the pigs and not to the other animals, they do not complain or disagree. Napoleon claims that the pigs are the leaders, and they need apples and milk to stay healthy: “When it was put to them in this light, they had no more to say” (52). The animals do not question Napoleon because they believe that serving Napoleon’s best interests will help them as well. Their loyalty towards Napoleon allows them to believe his propaganda. After Napoleon exiles his rival Snowball, Napoleon tells the animals that Snowball has been...
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