A critical evaluation
Submitted by: Amrit Rastogi (1214404) BA (EPS) 2nd year
The copy of the book ‘ANIMAL FARM’ by GEORGE ORWELL was obtained from a well-known e-commerce website www.flipkart.com, an online megastore, published by PENGUIN (2011). The book ‘Animal Farm’ was written by George Orwell. Animal Farm is a figurative and dystopian novelette by George Orwell published in England on 17 August 1945.The book peeps into and ponder the events took place during Vladimir Lenin’s regime or Russian revolution (1917-1924) and leading up to and during Joseph Stalin regime i.e. (1924-1956) created his own framework full of rigid and stern rules and regulations known as Stalinism. The time period is commonly known as Stalin Era in Soviet Union (USSR) before World War II. Through this book Orwell tries to fuse political purpose with the artistic purpose to send the message across every person of any age, even young minds through cartoons which came out soon after the book. This amalgamation was done by portraying the scenario of an English countryside or a Manor Farm where animals are under the rule of the farmer, being mistreated and how those animals rise up against the very farmer strategically forcing him out of the farm and ultimately communism takes the seat converting it to Animal Farm.
In his self-proclaimed "fairy-tale," Orwell uses his allegorical farm to bring out the communist system. Though the original intention of overthrowing Mr. Jones (who represents the Czars), is not inherently evil in itself, Napoleon's subsequent adoption of nearly all of Mr. Jones' principles and harsh mistreatment of the animals proves to the reader that indeed communism is not equality, but just another form of inequality. It all started with the aged prize ‘Wise’ middle white boar, a pig who was known as Old Major amongst the fellow animals in the farm for his wisdom and experiences. Old major in the story represents Karl Marx who was a philosopher and brought the Communism to light and Vladimir Lenin, the communist leader of the Russian Revolution who brought home the bacon prepared by Marx. Old Major warns, "Your resolution must never falter. No argument must lead you astray. Never listen when they tell you that Man and the animals have a common interest....we must not come to resemble him...No animal must ever live in a house or sleep in a bed, or wear clothes, or drink alcohol, or smoke tobacco, or touch money, or engage in trade." The above lines depict that the old major was trying to move the minds of the animals to rebel and a good orator as well. The old boar also asserts, “Man is the only real enemy we have. Remove Man from the scene, and the root cause of hunger and overwork is abolished forever. Man is the only creature that consumes without producing. He does not give milk,
he does not lay eggs, he is too weak to pull the plough, and he cannot run fast enough to catch rabbits. Yet he is lord of all the animals." This shows the rigidity of the thought and how the old major plants this thought into the animals by manipulating their psychology i.e. by bringing out the agitation they held in their hearts against the ‘MAN’ known for cruelty. Orwell wrote the above lines in his novel to show how the Marxism and the Old Major’s dream was more of a Utopian kind that is, an ideal type which seems to be very good and real in imagination but almost impossible to achieve but since the other young animals being naïve, made it their motive of life and stood up against Mr. Jones, the farmer. There was a point where rats and rabbits were put for vote to whether they should be in the revolution or not but under the influence of the old major they all were welcomed to take part in the revolution but Orwell doesn’t tell us why. Maybe because it’s very predictable that if they would not include them, the revolution could be weakened. This showed the diplomacy and their passion to...
References: - Orwell, G. (1945). “Animal Farm” Pages 0-104, Penguin (2011) 1st Edition. - Bailey83221 (12 May 2006). "Animal Farm suppression” 06/27/2013, http://bailey83221.livejournal.com/83481.html - Anonymous. “Characters sketch in Animal Farm”. 06/26/2013, www.sparknotes.com - Anonymous. “Interpretation of Important Quotes in Animal Farm”, 06/25/2013, www.shmoop.com - Anonymous. “Theme Analysis of Animal Farm”. 06/27/2013, www.novelguide.com
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