Hon. Eng. 10
Animal Farm The Power of Symbols
How many times in your life have you seen symbols? Symbols are everywhere, and they have many different meanings. Symbols can symbolize words, emotions, people, places, events and more. In the book Animal Farm by George Orwell, symbolism plays a huge role. The entire story symbolizes the Russian revolution. The people, animals, places, events and ideas all have a significant meaning relating to the revolution.
First of all, the people in the story represent a group of people. Mr. Pilkington is the owner of Foxwood and he represents all the leaders of England at the time. Mr. Frederick is the owner of Pinchfield and he represents the leaders of Germany. He also represents Hitler. The book says Frederick “flogged an old horse to death (a reference to Hitler’s euthanasia program), starved his cows to death (Hitler starving the Jews) and killed a dog by throwing it into a furnace (Hitler killing the Jews in ovens)”. Foxwood and Pinchfield are two neighboring farms of Animal Farm. England (Foxwood) and Germany (Pinchfield) were some of Russia’s neighbors in Europe. England and Germany were at war with Russia; similarly Foxwood and Pinchfield were also at war with Animal Farm.
Most of the animals symbolized at least one character of the revolution. The pigs symbolized the communists. Napoleon represents Joseph Stalin, who was the second leader of the Soviet Union that took over Leo Trotsky’s (Snowball) power. Trotsky was ostracized from Russia by Stalin just like Snowball was exiled from Animal Farm by Napoleon. Napoleon deceived the animals by telling them that everything was all right and whenever the animals raised doubts, he would tell Squealer to reassure them. Squealer represented some form of the Russian media that spread Stalin’s news. The media almost always tells the public what they want to hear and it was seldomly the truth. This is exactly what Squealer did...
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