The animals on Manor Farm thought that they were being treated unfairly so they decided to overthrow Mr. Jones. Orwell narrates’ “Jones and his men suddenly found themselves being butted and kicked from all sides (pg.19)”. This shows how the animals overthrew Mr. Jones. In the Russian Revolution the masses of people were tired of being treated unfairly by Czar Nicholas II so they decided to overthrow him just like the animals in animal farm.
After the animals on Manor Farm overthrew Mr. Jones the pigs took over. Orwell narrates, “Snowball and Napoleon were by far the most active in the debates. But it was noticed that these two were never in agreement: whatever suggestion either of them made, the other could be counted on to oppose it (pg.31).” Snowball and Napoleon put it upon themselves to take charge but soon that power had gotten to their head so then they found themselves fighting for the lead position. Just like in the Russian Revolution Trotsky (Snowball) and Stalin (Napoleon) were always arguing for the leading position.
Snowball and Napoleon were always arguing for the leading position but they had very different views on how to run Animal Farm. Orwell narrates, “…Napoleon stood up and, casting a peculiar sidelong look at Snowball, uttered a high-pitched whimper of a kind no one had ever heard him utter before…. They dashed straight for Snowball…. (pg.52&53)”. Snowball was going to be a good leader and make a running farm that was going to be good for his comrades but Napoleon wanted to be selfish and run the farm only for his own good and have the other animals just be his slaves. But the animals weren't dumb so they were going to agree with Snowball. That’s when Napoleon sent dogs to get Snowball. Just like in the Russian Revolution Trotsky (Snowball) and Stalin (Napoleon) were always arguing for the leading position and Trotsky was always going to win so Stalin had to get rid of him.
In conclusion, in the book Animal Farm by George Orwell the political allegory was the Russian Revolution. This book mocks the totalitarianism of the Russian Revolution. Everything happens the same way in the book as the revolution but instead the people are represented as animals on a farm and farmers.