Animal Experimentation

Topics: Animal testing, Animal rights, Testing cosmetics on animals Pages: 4 (1458 words) Published: August 19, 2013
THE eTHICAL ISSUES SURROUNDING ANIMAL EXPERIMENTATION

Student number: 17666406
Student name: Shivangi Chand
Lectures name: Suzanne
Unit name and number: Scientific Literacy 300811
Word count: 931 (Report)
Due date: 21/04/2013

THE eTHICAL ISSUES SURROUNDING ANIMAL EXPERIMENTATION

Student number: 17666406
Student name: Shivangi Chand
Lectures name: Suzanne
Unit name and number: Scientific Literacy 300811
Word count: 931 (Report)
Due date: 21/04/2013

Table of Contents
Summary1
Report2-5
References6-7
Appendices7-17

Summary
This report explores the ethical issues that surround animal experiment. The types of tests that are conducted and the effects it has on the animals. It also looks at the positive outcomes of animal experimentation as well as the alternatives that could be used be instead of animal experimentation.

Report
Animal experimentation is conducted for scientific and medical research. There are three major types of tests that they go through which are cosmetic testing, Drug testing and the testing for weapons and vaccines. Alternatively there are other methods that can be used instead of animal experimentation and these include the methods of replacement, reduction and refinement. Cosmetic testing is used widely used in major cosmetic and hygiene care products. There are three major forms of tests are conducted when associating with cosmetic testing. The Draize eye test is one of them. “This test is used to test shampoos, weed-killers, pesticides, household detergents and riot natural gases” (Members.iinet.net.au 1993). Substances are applied to the eyes of a conscious rabbit to test irritancy, this test is fairly unethical and a bad form of testing as the anatomy of a rabbit’s eye is very different to humans’ eye (PETA.org n.d.). The LD50 (Lethal dose 50 precent) is another form of testing to test lipsticks, skincare products and nail polish. This test is used on rabbits, dogs, cats, mice and guinea pigs...


References: Aavs.org (1944) Types of Animal Testing-The American Anti-Vivisection Society (AAVS). [online] Available at: http://www.aavs.org/site/c.bkLTKfOSLhK6E/b.6457299/k.82D0/Types_of_Animal_Testing.htm#.UXJQ_srGvz8 [viewed : 20 Apr 2013].
Bbc.co.uk (2010) BBC - Ethics - Animal ethics: Experimenting on animals. [online] Available at: http://www.bbc.co.uk/ethics/animals/using/experiments_1.shtml [viewed: 20 Apr 2013].
Gerty (2010) The pro 's and cons. [online] Available at: http://levmm1.wordpress.com/2010/12/11/the-pros-and-cons/ [viewed: 20 Apr 2013].
Hajar, R. (2011) Animal Testing and Medicine. 12, 1 p.42. Available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3123518/ [viewed: 19/04/2013].
MA, B. (1985) Product Development and Drug Testing | Animal Use in Research. [online] Available at: http://www.neavs.org/research/testing [viewed: 19 Apr 2013].
Members.iinet.net.au (1993) Animal experimentation: cruel and unnecessary. [online] Available at: http://members.iinet.net.au/~rabbit/aniexp.htm [viewed: 20 Apr 2013].
Vaxdesign.com (2000) MIMIC® Benefits | VaxDesign Corporation. [online] Available at: http://www.vaxdesign.com/mimic-benefits#immunotox [viewed: 20 Apr 2013].
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