Neil Phillips Jr.
During the 16th and 17th centuries Europe underwent change in Science. The Scientific Revolution changed the way people were able to perceive things and with this it attacked the already instituted system of Scholasticism. This new perception had effect on other areas besides science; it had an effect on philosophy. Natural philosophers using reason instead of faith, produced philosophies based on existing knowledge. These natural philosophers include Francis Bacon, Rene Descartes, Blaise Pascal, Thomas Hobbes and last but not least John Locke these natural Philosophers developed theories on Human Nature. Influenced by the Scientific Revolution, an intellectual movement of the late 17th and early 18th centuries was formed; the Enlightenment. The Enlightenment, also called the Age of Reason’s primary thought was that natural law could be used to examine and understand all aspects of society. Enlightenment thinkers believed that there was a better way to improve society, people, and economic conditions. Philosophy was transformed, things were questioned and as a result of the scientific revolution more empirical ways of thinking were employed. Rene Descartes, a French philosopher attempted to craft groundwork to establish further scientific developments. He rationed that once one knows the foundations of a belief and one builds upon that, much of what one believes can be doubted. He held that through using math’s methods, he could apply these same methodologies to other ideas. Descartes believed that nothing can be perceived more easily and evidently than his own mind. By applying his theory, that he knew nothing for certain but was aware of his own thought, he started to combat already instituted ideas and conjured up the existence of God. According to Sources of Western Tradition (page 431; Chapter 13) “Descartes rejected reliance on past authority and maintained that through thought alone one could attain...
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