Ancient Rome, The Roman Colosseum
Historians have always used great structures from the ancient world to find out information about the kind of lives they used to live. The Colosseum in Ancient Rome, Italy was one of the most famous structures. The Colosseum in Rome gives historians a number of insights to the type of civilization that existed during the time of the ancient empire, through the gory battles and violent games that took place. This can be proven by the purpose of the Colosseum and the context surrounding its construction, the political and economic benefit of the Colosseum to the empire, the types of games which were held in the arena and the values which the structure suggests were important to the civilization at the time. The Roman Colosseum, also called the Flavian Amphitheater, began construction at some point during 73-75 AD during the ruling of Emperor Vespian and was finished by 81 AD by his son Titus (Hopkins, 2011). During the building of the Colosseum no expense was spared as the Romans used the gold they took during the capture of Jerusalem to fund the building of the structure. According to Roman Colosseum, 2008, more than 100, 000 slaves were bought back to Rome after the Jewish war to build the Colosseum (Hopkins, 2011). It was a work of architectural art, showing off Rome’s latest engineering and building techniques. The Colosseum can hold from 50, 000 to 80, 000 people at once was home to many bloody battles and entertainment for many years. The Roman Colosseum was built as a gift to the citizens and encouraged Roman patriotism. The magnificence of the Colosseum provided historians with evidence that the Romans thought of themselves as better than everyone else, and needed to prove to all other civilizations the greatness of their power and wealth. (Hopkins, 2011) The purpose of the Colosseum was to have a place at which battle reenactments, wild animal hunts, mock sea battles, executions, theatrical entertainment and gladiatorial combats were staged. Although the two main types of entertainment were gladiatorial fights and wild animal fights. The emperors built the Colosseum in order to please the plebs (Panoleku, 2010). The Colosseum was erected in the era of the Flavian Dynasty when Emperor Vespasian ruled. The political environment was extremely military based as the Roman Empire was gradually conquering many different cities. According to Calandra, A, 1998 p116, the emperor had all of the control over all citizens and murders and fighting in the streets was very common. The proceeding history of civil war caused by one of the previous emperors, Nero, gave evidence to the leaders that they needed to keep the people of Rome in high spirits so the people would not rebel against the emperor (Hopkins, 2011). Emperor Vespasian decided to rid Rome of all the remembrance of the harsh ruler, Nero, and built the Colosseum in aims to ‘shore up his shaky regime’, prove to the people that he was not going to be a harsh ruler and become popular amongst the people of Rome (Hopkins, 2011). Vespasian although, died before the completion of the Colosseum and his son, Titus, took the emperor role to reap the benefits of the Colosseum (Roman Empire, 2004). Roman Empire, 2004, recorded that Titus was well loved by the population and that we was a fair emperor. The Colosseum reveals momentous political power during Ancient Rome representing the key objective for building this ancient structure. The emperor’s enhanced their political careers greatly through the construction of the Colosseum. The Roman people admired the greatness of the Roman leaders and it portrayed to the other countries the immense wealth of Rome (Ruhl, 2010). The Colosseum diverted the public of Rome from more severe issues at the time including the oligarchy, favoritism amongst the relatives of rulers and corruption in the senate and church, let alone the slow falling apart of the Roman economy (Rhul, 2010). The amphitheatre was built...
Bibliography: Calandra, A 1998, SOSE Alive: Ancient History, First edn, Jacaranda, QLD, pp. 116-117.
Chrisp, P, 1997, Great Buildings: The Colosseum, Wayland Publishers Limited, England, pp
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