Ancient River Civilizations

Topics: Mesopotamia, Sumer, Ancient Near East Pages: 2 (391 words) Published: October 19, 2014
Before 600 BCE in the Ancient River Civilizations of Mesopotamia and Egypt, they developed cultures that share similar religious beliefs and writing systems, but different types of architectural monumental buildings.

Mesopotamia and Egypt had similar religious beliefs. Mesopotamia was a polytheistic religion. They had gods like UR and Uruk. Egypt was also a polytheistic religion,with gods like Isis and Osiris. They created different gods which helped to explain why different things occurred. Like wheather and other natural events that happened. Both Ancient River Civilizations believed that their rulers were tied to the gods. Egyptians believed that once their pharaoh died, they will become a god. Mesopotamia and Egypt both believed in the afterlife. The Mesopotamian people believed that the dead souls went to the Land of No Return, and the Egyptians preserved the dead by mummification, because they believed that their spirit still lived even after death.

Mesopotamia and Egypt had similar writing systems. Both Ancient civilizations used writing for recording data. Writing was also used to represent actual things and objects. Mesopotamian writing was called Cuneiform. Cuneiform were pictographs. Egyptian writing was called Hieroglyphs. Hieroglyphs were also pictograms. Cuneiform was done on clay tablets, and Hieroglyphs was done on papyrus. Mesopotamian and Egyptian writing systems were similar because of the purpose of the use, and the pictogram writing style.

Mesopotamian and Egyptian architectural monumental structures were different. Mesopotamia had monumental structures called Ziggurats. These ziggurats were used to worship their gods. Ziggurats were shaped like squares. The height of the structure meant that you were closer to god. These structures were in every city state. The ziggurats were open to all of the different social classes. The Egyptians had Pyramids. Pyramids were used as tombs for their pharaohs. These were shaped like...
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