1. During the Mycenaean civilization, who was the great poet and what were his two important literary works that influenced the Greeks and formed part of Western literature? Homer, The Iliad, The Odyssey
2. In a period known as the Dark Ages from 100 B.C. to 800 B.C., life reverted to simpler forms and people lived in relative isolation.
3. The period from the 9th to the 6th century B.C. is known as the Archaic Age during which the Greek kings were deposed by oligarchies (rule of a few who have power and wealth) of wealthy warriors, and the city-states or polis emerged.
4. A typical Greek city-state would have a fortified hilltop known as the acropolis and the city market would be located in the agora.
5. The Greek deities were anthropomorphic because they had human qualities in their personalities and bodies.
6. Two of the Greek attitudes toward life were Optimists and Egoists.
7. Epic poetry are long poetic narrations of heroic feats and the most famous was a blind epic poet called Homer who became known for the two most famous epic poems of the Iliad and the Odyssey.
8. The main protagonist of the Iliad is King Agamemnon & Achilles, and of the Odyssey is Odysseus who blinds the Cyclops Polyphemus.
9. Explain the historical importance of Homer's epic poems for the ancient Greeks. _________
10. With Homer the beginnings of ___________ consists of a concern with human beings and their achievements, as he focuses his attention on human characters, demonstrating that Greek quality of interest in humanity or human nature, even the gods are anthropomorphic.
11. Explain the difference between the central theme of the Iliad and of the Odyssey. __________
12. A unique way in which the Greeks were the first to comprehend the reality they observed and tried to understand, was Systematic thought or speculation.
13. Greek philosophy begins with the Ionian City of Miletus in the 7th century B.C.