By Jessica Maimoun
Good morning Miss Separovic and fellow Classmates, its Monday’s first spring of 2010, but before i get carried away by god’s gift to humankind let’s get to work. Today I’m here to share with you, a bit about what i have been researching over the past few weeks. In case you didn’t know, it’s about ancient society’s beliefs, myths, gods and Religion. But today i will be focusing, in particular on Ancient Egypt. Firstly I’d like to start off with a bit of an overview about this remarkable society and hopefully provide you all with an insight on what you didn’t know, about this culture. Well Egypt is located on the upper part of the North African continent. The success of ancient Egyptian civilization came about partly from its ability to adapt to the conditions of the Nile River Valley. The predictable flooding of the fertile valley produced rich crops, which drove social development and culture. Religion For Ancient Egyptians was a very crucial part of day to day life, as it was the epitome of significance for all existence and life after death. Tradition was a major aspect to their belief system, as many followed what was dictated to them without question. Laws and customs were generally just accepted due to the era they were in, thus no room was allowed for change. The polytheistic aspect to their beliefs meant that they believed in many Gods and Goddesses’ and each one had their own role to play, in maintaining peace and harmony across the land, for example, Anubis was the god of embalming and the dead whilst Atum, was the creator of the gods. The structure of ruling was a vital part of their society as the Pharaoh; often descendants of royalty, inherited the throne, and took on the role of the king as well as the political leader, and was treated and regarded as a god, by their people. A recognized central characteristic of the Egyptians was their views on afterlife. They believed that the physical body had to be preserved to allow, a place for their spirit to dwell, in the afterlife. In result, mummification was performed to preserve the body. Large pyramids were constructed as tombs for pharaohs. Although later, rock cut tombs were used to bury the pharaohs, Egyptians believed that the body was the link to a spiritual existence in the afterlife. The body was mummified, so the spirit could get it’s needed food and drink in the afterlife. In case the body was destroyed or damaged, magical spells were placed on a statue of the deceased so the spirit could continue, to have its needs met. Mummification was a long and expensive process. A person would need to have a tomb built, gather necessary objects to place in the tomb, and their son or a priest would have to be appointed to bring offering, for the diseased on a daily bases. Expense, however limited full procedure to those who were not financially well off in the society. For the poor, a shallow grave near the desert was common. The dry, hot climate often caused a natural mummification. However it wasn’t till later that they learnt that burying people in tombs or pyramids only meant that they were perfect targets spots for theft, and so they were, which later on, turned into a reduction which then later turned into a distinction in Egyptians making these pyramids Gods were a central part to the ancient Egyptians beliefs and customs; as they believed they were the source of reason behind everything that happened, either good or bad. Ancient Egyptians lived in terror, cautious of displeasing the Gods; they believed that if...
Bibliography: 2010 Dr. Karen Carr, Associate Professor of History, Portland State University.
last updated Monday, Jan 19, 2009
Date accessed: 23.8.10, 27.8.10, 30.8.10, 25.9.10, 26.9.10
Last updated: 22 March, 2010
‘Ancient Egyptian Temples’
Last updated: 23 February, 2010
David P. Silverman
Oxford University Press, 2003
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