Anatomy. Disorders of Swallowing

Topics: Ulcerative colitis, Gastroenterology, Stomach Pages: 4 (891 words) Published: August 25, 2013
A: Disorders of Swallowing : 
A: Disorders of Swallowing Paralysis of Swallowing Mechanism Whenever 5 th ,9 th . And 10 th . cranial nerve damage it causes paralysis of swallowing center in brain stem.

Disorders of Swallowing : 
Disorders of Swallowing Paralysis of Swallowing occur in: Poliomyelitis or encephalitis Muscle dystrophy Failure of neuro -muscular transmission ( as in myasthenia Gravis)

A: Disorders of Swallowing : 
A: Disorders of Swallowing The most serious paralysis of swallowing mechanism occur, when person is under deep anesthesia. Often, he vomit large quantities of gastric contents into pharynx, but instead of swallowing he suck this material into trachea, because anestheic blocks the reflex mechanism of swallowing

B: Disorders of Esophagus: 
B: Disorders of Esophagus Achalasia: It is a condition in which lower few centimeter of esophagus fail to relax during swallowing mechanism. In the result of this food transmission impeded.

B: Disorders of Esophagus: 
B: Disorders of Esophagus This condition occur due to demage of myentric plexuses in lower portion of esophagus Causes of Achalasia :

Achalasia:: 
Achalasia:

C: Disorders of Stomach : 
C: Disorders of Stomach Gastritis Means inflammation of gastric mucosa. This can occur due to the action of irritant food on gastric mucosa.

C: Disorders of Stomach : 
C: Disorders of Stomach Causes of Gastritis The irritation of gastric mucosa by: i. Alcohol ii. Aspirin iii. Too much secretion of HCl

C: Disorders of Stomach: 
C : Disorders of Stomach In gastritis, patient feel pain in stomach as well as burning sensation in his throat.

C: Disorders of Stomach: 
C: Disorders of Stomach Gastric Atrophy In many person who have chronic gastritis, the gastric mucosa gradually atrophic. It is also believed that gastric atrophy also occurs in those person who develop autoimmunity against gastric mucosa.

C: Disorders of Stomach: 
C: Disorders of Stomach Achlor-hyderia OR...
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