Chapter 1 Vocab
1. Anatomy: the study of the structure and shape of the body and body parts and their relationships to one another 2. Physiology: the study of how the body and its parts work or function 3. Atoms: tiny building blocks of matter combine to from molecules such as water, sugar and proteins 4. Cells: the smallest units of all living things
5. Tissues: consist of groups of similar cells that have a common function 6. Organ: structure, composed of tow or more tissue types, that performs a specific function 7. Organ system: group of organs that cooperate too accomplish a common purpose 8. Organism: represents the highest level of structural organization, the organismal level 9. Integumentary system: external covering of the body, or the skin 10 . Skeletal system: consists of bones, cartilages, ligaments, and joints 11 Muscular system: allows you to walk, leap, grasp, throw a ball and smile 12 Nervous system: body’s fast acting control system
13 Endocrine system: controls body activities, but it acts much more slowly 14 Cardiovascular system: heart and blood vessels
15 Lymphatic system: complementary to that of the cardiovascular system 16 Respiratory system: keep the body constantly supplied with oxygen and to remove carbon dioxide 17 Digestive system: a tube running through the body from mouth to anus 18 Urinary system: removes the nitrogen-containing wastes from the blood and flushes them from the body in urine 19 Reproductive system: exists primarily to produce offspring 20 Movement: includes all the activities promoted by the muscular system 21 Responsiveness or irritability: the ability to sense changes in the environment and then to react to them 22 Digestion: the process of breaking down ingested food into simple molecules that can then be absorbed into the blood for delivery to all body cells by the cardiovascular system 23...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document