Anatomy and Physiology of Pelvis

Good Essays
Topics: Pelvis
ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY The pelvis is a large semicircular bone complex that forms the base on which the torso and upper body are positioned. The pelvis, which is a rigid and inflexible portion of the skeleton, is built to provide a foundation of the movement of other parts of the anatomy, particularly the back and the legs. The pelvis also permits the weight of the entire upper body to be evenly distributed to the legs, which are connected to the pelvis through the hip joints.
The pelvis is comprised of three bones arranged in a ring: the ilium, which is formed in the shape of a wing, rising on each side of the pelvis; the ischium, which forms the middle portion of the pelvis; and the pubis, the bone at the base of the pelvic structure. The pelvis is connected to the skeleton of the upper body by way of the sacroiliac, a fused joint at the connection between the lower portion of the spinal column and the pelvic bones. The sacrum and the coccyx (the tailbone) are the bottom portion of the spine that make the connection to the pelvis; the presence of a ligament connecting the sacrum to the pelvis is not a typical joint, as the pelvic structure is capable of very little flexion or extension on its own. The pelvis also protects the lower organs of the abdomen, particularly those of the renal and intestinal tracts. Also important is the rigid and supportive structure of the pelvis, an essential aspect of the ability of the body to move dynamically through the legs. If the pelvis were less stable, the legs would not be able to generate either propulsion or their range of motion. Abnormalities.—There is arrest of development in the bones of the pelvis in cases of extroversion of the bladder; the anterior part of the pelvic girdle is deficient, the superior rami of the pubes are imperfectly developed, and the symphysis is absent. “The pubic bones are separated to the extent of

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Good Essays

    Anatomy and Physiology

    • 572 Words
    • 9 Pages

    BIO 157 Anatomy & Physiology I Instructor: Dr. Philip Wahr pwahr@monroeccc.edu Office: L117 Levels of Organization Chemical Increasing complexity Cellular Tissue Organ Organ System Organism Population Ecosystem Definitions Anatomy: Structure How do structures relate to each other? -Surface anatomy -Regional anatomy -Systemic anatomy -Comparative anatomy -Developmental anatomy/embryology -Microscopic anatomy -cytology -histology Definitions Physiology: Function -Cell physiology -Organ physiology…

    • 572 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Anatomy and Physiology

    • 577 Words
    • 3 Pages

    http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_is_the_importance_of_cells http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cell_nucleus http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cell_membrane http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cell_(biology)#Structures_outside_the_cell_membrane Wilson, R (2006) Anatomy and Physiology (page 30-31)…

    • 577 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Anatomy and Physiology

    • 1072 Words
    • 4 Pages

    Boatfield Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology SC121 Instructor: Eric D. Steelman, DHSc(c), MPH, MS, RLATG A course assignment presented to Kaplan University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the SC121 curriculum September 4, 2014 Anatomy and Physiology are studied together but differ in many ways but go hand in hand in studying the human body. Anatomy is the study of the relationships of the body structures. Anatomy was first studied by dissections…

    • 1072 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Anatomy And Physiology

    • 845 Words
    • 4 Pages

    1. Define the terms anatomy and physiology. Explain the principle of complementarity and how it applies to this course. The term anatomy refers to the structure of the body and its parts. Along with the study of the body structure, anatomy also refers to how these body parts work together and their working relationship as a whole. Physiology is the study of how the living systems in the body function and work. When studying the Physiology of the body it is most understandable if terms from the underlying…

    • 845 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Anatomy and Physiology

    • 550 Words
    • 3 Pages

    Chapter 1 - The Human Body Anatomy is the science relating to the structural organisation of living organisms. Physiology is the science relating to the operational functions of living organisms. The many parts and systems of the body are integrated and function co-operatively to provide a healthy living body via 6 hierarchy levels of structural organisation. The basic or first level is the Chemical Level, where atoms are combined to form molecules. The second level is the Cellular Level…

    • 550 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    anatomy and physiology

    • 2103 Words
    • 9 Pages

    Shannon Green Unit 7 Anatomy and physiology for health and social care Task 5(M3) describe the routine care for each malfunction Task 5 (D2) explain how the routine care given for each malfunction affects the body system Bronchitis Smoking The person needs to stop smoking because cigarette damages the tiny hair structures in the lungs called the cilia, they the person continues to smoke the damage will stop the cilia from functioning properly and will increase the chances of condition…

    • 2103 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    anatomy and physiology

    • 1287 Words
    • 6 Pages

    anatomy and physiology 1.1 describe the anatomy and physiology of the skin in relationm to skin break down and development of pressure sores. the skin is the largest organ of the body it covers a total surface space of around 30000 sq inches oviously depending on hight size of person. the skin is made up of nails,hair,sweat glands. the skin provides the organs protections by providng a outer surface which in tourn has other different jobs these are being able to regulate the body temperture…

    • 1287 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Anatomy and Physiology

    • 486 Words
    • 2 Pages

    centercenterqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxc- vbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwer- tyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopas- dfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklz- xcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqw- ertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiop- asdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjk- lzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnm- rtyu…

    • 486 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Anatomy and Physiology

    • 1008 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Topic 1: I believe using abbreviations can truly help communications between health care professionals, because it makes it easier to convey what you are trying to say. For example, instead of saying or writing down “cardiopulmonary resuscitation” you could say “CPR”. This also helps speed up the process when a transcriptionist copies down a report; they don’t necessarily have to write out the full meaning and the physician who reads the report will still have a full understanding of what it…

    • 1008 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Anatomy and Physiology

    • 609 Words
    • 3 Pages

    3/11/13 Adrenal glands- on top of kidneys - attached to kidneys via connective tissue capsule -cortex- stimulated by ACTH 3 layers 1. - zona glomerulosa - releases mineral corticoids - aldosterone: anti-diuretic. Retain na+ --> leads to h2o retention (Low levels of aldosterone)-->. Hypovolemia- low blood volume-->. leads to low blood pressure 2. - zona fasciculata- glucocorticoids - cortisone, cortisol -resist…

    • 609 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays