anatomy and physiology

Topics: Risk assessment, Bedsore, Risk / Pages: 6 (1287 words) / Published: Aug 10th, 2014
anatomy and physiology

1.1 describe the anatomy and physiology of the skin in relationm to skin break down and development of pressure sores.

the skin is the largest organ of the body it covers a total surface space of around 30000 sq inches oviously depending on hight size of person. the skin is made up of nails,hair,sweat glands. the skin provides the organs protections by providng a outer surface which in tourn has other different jobs these are being able to regulate the body temperture it also has other functions such as provising sensations such as touch,heat,cold and pain throught the sensory nervous system. the skin comprises of layers the epidermis.dermis and subcantanious layer of hypodermis. each layer has its own function and its importanc eof maintiaing the integrity of skin and thereby the whole body structure. presusre sores or ulcers are the result of break down of skin in realtion to the supply of bloody accessing the site without bloody supply the skin starts to break down caucing ulcers and pressore sores

1.2 identify pressure sites on the body. pressure are sites comprises mainly on the body part of the body these are

shoulders or shoulder blades elbows back of your head rims of your ears knees, ankles, heels or toes spine tail bone (the small bone at the bottom of your spine)
If you are a wheelchair user, you are at risk of developing pressure ulcers on: your buttocks the back of your arms and legs the back of your hip bone

1.3 identify factors which may oput a individula at risk of skin breakdown and pressure areas. • Pressure and shear • Impaired or restricted mobility / activity • Sensory impairment • Reduced level of consciousness • Incontinence • Poor nutrition and hydration • Extremes of age • Poor posture or inadequate support • Previous pressure damage • Acute, chronic and terminal illness

1.4 describe how in

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