Anatomy

Topics: Squamous cell carcinoma, Cancer, Skin cancer Pages: 18 (4126 words) Published: September 6, 2014


Into the World of
Skin Cancer

Erica Tran
Period 4
1/13/14
Mr. Gallimore

Table of Contents
Body…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………...Pages 4-12 Keratinocyte Cancers………………………………………………………………………………………….Pages 4-5 Melanoma………………………………………………………………………………………………………….Pages 5-6 Factors for getting skin cancer……………………………………………………………………………Pages 6-8 Prevention………………………………………………………………………………………………………….Pages 8-9 Treatment………………………………………………………………………………………………………….Pages 9-11 New Research and Latest Statistics…………………………………………………………………….Pages 11-12 Visuals………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..Page 13 References…………………………………………………………………………………………………………Page 14

Works Referenced..........Page 14
Works Cited………………….Page 14
Inquiry Based Lab Write Up…………………………………………………………………………………Pages 15-16
Purpose………………………..Page 15
Problem……………………….Page 15
Hypothesis……………………Page 15
Materials…………….………Page 15
Procedures………………....Page 15
Data…………………………….Page 15
Analytical Prediction…….Page 16

Abstract
With skin cancer there are two main types which are Keratinocyte cancer and Melanoma. Keratinocyte cancers contain two different types of skin cancer which is squamous cell and basal cell carcinoma. These two are the more common forms of skin cancer and they are less deadly than Melanoma. Squamous cell and basal cell carcinoma occur in a different area than melanoma does. Melanoma is the less common form of skin cancer but is much more deadly than the other two are. There are many factors that determine whether one will get skin cancer or not. Some factors that nothing can be done about but there are other factors that can be prevented. There are various methods of treatment that are implemented based on the situation.

Keratinocyte Cancers
There are two types of cancers under this category: basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma. Basal cell and squamous cell are the most common types of skin cancer. They develop from cells care Keratinocyte which are the most common types of cells in the skin. The probability of getting these types of cancers is highly affected by the amount of sun exposure a person has. Therefore basal and squamous cell cancers are mainly found on body parts that are exposed to the sun, such as the neck and head. “Basal and squamous cell cancers are much less likely than melanomas to spread to other parts of the body and become life threatening.” (American Cancer Society, 2012) For this reason, Keratinocyte cancers are easier to treat than melanoma when detected early because they are less likely to spread.

“Basal cell carcinoma originates from the stratum basal, the very thin layer of cells that lies at the lowest level of the epidermis.” (Goldsmith, 2011) These stratum basal cells are the ones that are constantly making new skin cells. Due to the cancer originating from the lower layer of the epidermis, the amount of sun exposure is a major factor in getting it. Since we are constantly exposed to the sun in daily life, about 75-80% of skin cancers are basal cell carcinomas. As a matter of fact, it’s so common that one in every five Americans will develop this cancer in their lifetime. The cancer in the basal layer grows very slowly so it is rare that the cancer spreads far to other parts of the body. But if left untreated for a long period of time it can grow into nearby areas and invade the areas beneath the skin such as bone. But when found at early stages it is easy to treat and cure. “It is not unlikely for the cancer to reappear after previously being cured.” (Skin Cancer Foundation, 2013)

The appearance of basal cell can look like irregular red scaly areas that are scattered across the skin or they could also be raised and red or pink in their color. Those are not the only appearances that the cancer can take but those are the main and most common appearances. They’re mostly found in areas that are exposed to the sun like the face,...

References: Levine, N. (n.d.). Sun Exposure, Skin Cancer, and Other Sun Damage. WebMD. Retrieved November 11, 2013, from http://www.webmd.com/beauty/sun/sun-exposure-skin-cancer?page=3
Works Cited
Goldsmith, C. (2011). Skin cancer. Minneapolis, MN: Twenty-First Century Books.
Lane, I. W., & Comac, L. (1999). The skin cancer answer. Garden City Park, N.Y.: Avery Pub. Group.
Poole, C. M., & Guerry, D. (1998).Melanoma: prevention, detection, and treatment. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Preventing Skin Cancer - SkinCancer.org. (n.d.). The Skin Cancer Foundation - SkinCancer.org. Retrieved October 12, 2013, from http://www.skincancer.org/prevention/sun-protection/prevention-guidelines/preventing-skin-cancer
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