Exercise 1: The Pituitary Gland obseRvations
A. Please describe in detail the structures and features you observed on the pituitary gland slide.
The Pituitary Gland Slides The Anterior Pituitary Gland was darker than the Posterior Pituitary Gland. In the Anterior Pituitary Gland Slide you can see Chromophobes and Acidophiles. Not super easy to distinguish which is which though. The Posterior Pituitary Gland slide showed Pitulcytes (Neuroglia) as light purple cells and the Herring Bodies are very ligjt pink with a lot of white clear space surrounding.
Data Table 1: Do some research and fill in the data table below. | Hormone | Functions | Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) | ACTH stimulates the cortex to secrete hormones called glucocorticoids. Like cortisol. Which regulates glucose, protein, and fat metabolism, and response to stress. | Antidiuretic hormone (ADH) | ADH regulates water retention in the kidneys, reduces urine volume, and helps prevent dehydration. Also a brain neurotransmitter. | Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) | The pituitary secretes FSH. It stimulates the sex hormone estrogen and development of follicles in the ovaries. And Sperm production in the testes. | Growth hormone (GH) | GH promotes mitosis and cellular differentiation. GH does not have specificity like other hormones. | Luteinizing hormone (LH) | LH stimulates ovulation of eggs from the follicles developed by FSH in women. In males LH stimulates the testes to produce testosterone | Melanocyte stimulating hormone (MSH) | Fetal hormone determining the color of skin or hair. | Oxytocin | Released by posterior pituitary to stimulate labor, milk release, possibly involved in ejaculation, sperm transport, sexual affection and mother infant bonding | Prolactin (PRL) | Stimulates milk synthesis. Is also found in testes. | Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) | Thyrotropes in pituitary secrets and stimulates growth of