Analyzing Counseling Theories Walden University COUN-6722-11 January 19, 2014 Dr. Kim Mason Analyzing Counseling Theories Part 1 Chart Theory 1 Reality Therapy/Choice TheoryTheory 2 Rational Emotive Behavior TherapyBackground Theory Originated by Willam Glasser Glasser first developed and used in correctional institution and psychiatric hospital Focuses on belief that people are responsible for their own actions, and cannot blame outside sources or the past Glasser believe that behavior involves choices and that there are always options open to most people (Wubbolding, 2011) Not well received by medical profession Received well by many others corrections personnel, youth workers, counselors, therapists, and educators (Wubbolding, 2011) Became a accepted theory because of its facilitation of personal empowerment by means of Self-evaluation Positive planning for the future Glasser expanded on Powers control theory, which describes human brain as an input control system similar to a thermostat. Glasser incorporated a system of needs to explain human motivation to Powers control theory (Wubbolding, 2011) Although originally known as control theory, it is now called choice theory Delivery system is reality therapy Major development was the extended application described by Robert Wubbolding known as the WDEP (Wubbolding, 2011) WDEP Wants - Specific questions help identify clients wants and what they feel will satisfy those wants. What is their quality world Doing-What are the clients current actions Evaluate - Help client self-evaluate whether current behavior is effective. If not, then client can choose another action. Plan - Help client develop simple, attainable, action plans that may be more effective in getting needs met. Help client follow through on plan. Accept no excuses, but dont blame either (Wubbolding, 2011). WDEP provides a pedagogical tool for learning and practicing the process of reality therapy Founded by Albert Ellis, who died of natural causes at 93 Ellis was consider to be the second most influential psychotherapist in history, next to Carl Rogers (Vernon, 2011) Ellis started intensive psychoanalytic training after graduating from Columbia University He had reservations about Freuds theory of personality, though believed that psychoanalytic techniques were efficient Spent 2 years in intense analysis Became disillusioned with psychoanalysis, began questioning the validity of interpretation and insight (Vernon, 2011) Ellis began experimenting with other forms of therapy, and by the end of 1954 developed REBT REBT was first called rational therapy Ellis believed his goal was to solve personal and social problem REBT was first CBT to be introduced into clinical practice Since it was developed, REBT has been successful applied to Individual therapy Group therapy Marital therapy Family therapy Well-established form of counseling/therapy Been very successfully used With children and adults in hospital and mental health facilities In industrial, commercial, and education settings (Walden University, 2014)Human Nature Human needs are the source of all human behavior Humans have five basic needs Survival Love and belonging Power Freedom Fun Belief that as people grow, they develop specific wants unique to themselves Human behavior has impact on external world, which causes the input or perception a persons worldview- of each person to be dynamic, always changing, and unique depending on age and culture (Wubbolding, 2011) Wubbolding emphasizes the importance of interpersonal quality time as a facilitative component of healthy developmentBased on assumption that humans have a biological tendency to think irrational or dysfunctional, as well as rationally and functional Even people with rational upbringing- Show evidence of major irrationalities Often adopt new irrationalities after giving up previous ones Belief that despite tendency to think irrationally, humans- Have ability to construct self-enhancing...
References: Vernon, A. (2011). Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy. In Capuzzi, D., Gross, D. R. (Ed.). Counseling and psychotherapy Theories and interventions (5th ed.) (pp. 237-261). Alexandria, VA American Counseling Association. Walden University. (2014). Choice theory/Reality therapy. Retrieved from Walden University, COUN-6722-11 website. Walden University. (2014). Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy. Retrieved from Walden University, COUN-6722-11 website. Wubbolding, R. E. (2011). Reality therapy/choice theory. In D. Capuzzi and D. Gross (Eds.)Counseling and psychotherapy Theories and interventions(5thed.) ( pp. 263-285). Alexandria, VA American Counseling Association. PAGE PAGE 2 ANALYZING THEORIES Running head ANALYZING THEORIES PAGE MERGEFORMAT 1 Y, dXiJ(x(
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