History Essay Candy Au 5A (1)
Question : Analyze the impact of Japanese militarism on Japan and Asia
Militarism refers to placing a nation under military control and actions are aimed at fulfilling its expansionist ambition. From 1930s to after the Second World War, Japan and some Asian countries such as China had faced impacts base on the spread of militarism.
In the 1920s and 30s, Mussolini and Hitler rose to power in Italy and Germany respectively. In Japan, similar to the situation of Italy and Germany, the right-wing and the military forces were gaining dominance. It was called Japanese Fascism which promotes “anti-power”, “anti-capital” and “rescuing the villages”.
First, for the political impact on Japan, in the early 1930s, a radical of army planned to start a coup. Although the coup was unsuccessful, it hastened the formation of Inukai Tsuyoshi’s cabinet. There were great conflicts between him and the military ministry. On 15 May 1932, he was shot to death which was planned by the army school students and the radical faction of the extreme nationalists. This incident was called “May 15th Incident”. But the killers claimed that the incident was an attempt to transform Japan. Hence, this incident shows the spread of Fascism in Japan. Inukai Tsuyoshi’s cabinet was followed by the end of party polities. The power of military ministry increased rapidly which was the militarism’s influence on Japan. The militarism obstructed Japan’s political development.
Second, for the economic impact on Japan, in the latter half of 1932, Japan economy recovered due to the progressive financial policy, but later it was composed by the expanding armaments and military production. At the time, the army was divided into two factions: Imperial Way Faction and the Control Faction. They had different ideologies to reach the same objective of transforming Japan into a strong military power. On26 February 1936, young army officers of Imperial Way...
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