Problems In U.S. History
The 1950s were a political nightmare for President Dwight D. Eisenhower. It seemed as if no matter what he did he was going to severely upset a large group of people. He had civil rights activists organizing large-scale protests across the United States as well as political pressure from southern whites to continue to uphold segregation in schools. Once civil rights leaders such as Malcolm X and Martin Luther King Jr. starting organizing mass protests on Washington D.C. within the black community, many white southerners became concerned. Some responded by joining the Ku Klux Klan, an extremely violent racist group that experienced a resurgence around this time1. Others responded in non-violent ways, such as a white restaurant owner continuing to refuse service to black people. Even in the midst of violence and oppression, the civil rights movement prevailed, and segregation in all public U.S. schools formally ended with the 1954 Supreme Court ruling in Brown v. Board. Although though segregation was over in terms of legal standards, in reality it still existed in many areas of the south. One key event that helped end school segregation in the real world was when President Eisenhower sent the 101st Airborne Division into Little Rock, Arkansas to escort nine African American students into a racially segregated school. Some people such as Texas resident Maxine G. Allison viewed this order as the President or the federal government imposing “forced integration” upon the state of Arkansas and its people. Allison wrote a letter to Eisenhower voicing her and her fellow southerners’ displeasure with him. The letter that she writes does an extremely accurate job portraying the general opinion of white southerners of the time, who were against the integration of schools amongst blacks and whites. The purpose of this source is to let...
Bibliography: Allison, Maxine G. "Letter to President Dwight D. Eisenhower from Maxine G. Allison Against School Integration." Letter to President Dwight D. Eisenhower. 23 Sept. 1957. MS. Beaumont, Texas.
Please join StudyMode to read the full document