Analysis of Women Employment in Micro Business

Topics: Gender role, Gender, Transgender Pages: 30 (8268 words) Published: June 17, 2013

ANALYSIS OF WOMEN EMPLOYMENT IN MICRO BUSINESS

(A CASE STUDY OF ELDORET TOWN)

ABSTRACT

The role that small scale enterprises play in sustaining and increasing economic growth is enormous. Employment therefore is a significant factor to consider because the rate of unemployment in Kenya has increased. This study was using the case study of Eldoret town to analyze the employment of women in micro businesses by assessing the attitude and satisfaction of the female employees with enterprise jobs. The aim of the study was being achieved through the following specific objectives: to establish the extent to which women participate in micro business activities, to compare the level of employment of women to that of men in the micro business, to evaluate factors that influences the level of satisfaction in the business industry, to assess, the attitude towards women participation in the micro business and to establish the constraints to job attainment of women in the micro business areas. This study adopted the two main methods of data collection that is primary method which included the use of questionnaires and personal interviews; Secondary method which involves the use of published literature such as books, journals, magazines newspaper and even the use of internet. The study employed a descriptive survey design which seeks to collect data without manipulating the research variables or the responded and targeted employees of micro businesses in Eldoret and the various retail shops. The data collected was analyzed using descriptive statistics that is frequencies, percentage. The study found that micro enterprises have played a greater role in promoting women participation, therefore local government, trade unions, employers; community group should jointly create community-based institution and services to help women cope with the double burden of family and work outside their home to generate income.

TABLE OF CONTENTS
DEDICATIONii
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTiii
ABSTRACTiv
CHAPTER ONE1
1.0INTRODUCTION1
1.1 PROBLEM STATEMENT3
1.2 RESEARCH AIMS3
1.3 RESEARCH QUESTIONS4
1.4 JUSTIFICATION OF THE STUDY4
1.5 CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK5
CHAPTER TWO6
2.0 LITRTURE REVIEW6
2.1 Definition of SMEs6
2.2 Employments by Gender and the Business Industry7
2.3 Gender Stereotype and Traditional Gender Roles9
2.4 Women’s Occupations and Position in the SME’s Industry.9 CHAPTER THREE11
3.0 METHODOLOGY11
3.1 INTRODUCTION11
3.2 Research Design11
3.3Data collection methods11
3.3.1Primary method11
3.3.2 Secondary data12
3.4Target Population12
3.5 Sampling size and design12
3.6 Data Analysis and Presentation12
CHAPTER 413
4.0DATA ANALYSIS, PRESENTATION AND INTERPRETATION13
4.1 INTRODUCTION13
4.2 GENERAL INFORMATION13
4.2.1 GENDER13
4.2.2 AGE14
4.2.3 LEVEL OF FORMAL SCHOOLING15
CHAPTER 5:20
5.0 DISCUSSION, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMEDATION20
5.1 GENERAL INFORMATION20
5.1.1 GENDER20
5.1.2 AGE20
5.2 DISCUSSION OF FINDINGS20
5.2.1 ESTABLSHING THE EXTENT TO WHICH WOMEN PARTICIPATE IN THE MICRO BUSINESS INDUSTRY20 5.2.2 FACTORS THAT INFLUENCE JOB ATTAINMENT BY WOMEN21
5.2.3. FACTORS THAT INFLUENCE THE LEVEL OF SATISFACTION IN THE MICRO BUSINESS INDUSTRY21 5.3 CONCLUSION22
5.4 RECOMMENDATIONS22
REFERENCES25

CHAPTER ONE

1.0INTRODUCTION

Micro business involves processes which are constructed out of complex varied social realities and relation that are usually unequal. Gender relation areas are one element of this complex. An examination of the composition of enterprise labour force in terms of the division of the labour, and quality of work done in relation to gender give a base for formulating an analytical gender aware frame work. The small and micro enterprises (SMEs) play an important role in the Kenyan economy. According to the Economic Survey of Kenya (2006), the sector contributed over 50 percent of new jobs created in the year 2005. Despite their...


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