Running Head: LIFESPAN DEVELOPMENT PORTFOLIO 1
| Analysis of Issues Relevant to Interviews and Lifespan Development
Analysis of Issues Relevant to Interviews and Lifespan Development From the moment when an individual is created until their death, one is developing and changing continuously. This paper discusses a number of transformation individuals may encounter, from one’s personal choice and possible situations of life stages and changing experiences which are directly related to normal biological, cognitive and psychosocial development which all individuals share. Interview I: Biological and Physiological Development of Visually Impaired Individuals
Synopsis of Interview I
The interview was performed on May 25, 2011 with Ryan Haines, (a fifteen-year-old) and his mother Ms. Haines. There were not any clues to Ryan’s blindness until after his birth. Ms. Haines during the interview conveyed what medical professionals explained why Ryan was blind and what constitutes blindness: the inability of one to distinguish darkness from bright light in either eye which denotes the person’s total vision with blackness. Ryan’s blindness was due to rubella virus or German measles, which she contracted during her pregnancy (personal communication, May 25, 2011).
In addition, Ms. Haines revealed what medical professionals had reported to her when Ryan was born; the prognosis and the treatment for Ryan’s blindness were dependent on its cause and he was at risk for delays in development, including gross, motor skills, social and self-help skills; furthermore, they explained the importance to understand why these responses are delayed, moreover how to encourage Ryan to overcome these delays, and how they differed from the responses of sighted infants (personal communication, May 25, 2011). A delayed milestone during Ryan’s infancy was head control, which Ms. Haines conveyed what Ryan medical professional has informed her of the reason; because infants born blind have to become visually interested in their environment (Ms. Haines, personal communication, May 25, 2011). Moreover, Ms. Haines indicated medical professionals suggested strategies; such as speaking to him with consistent sound or continual voice to encourage head lifting, and to activate toys above Ryan’s head or to the sides of his head (personal communication, May 25, 2011).
Assessment of the interaction influences of genetics, heredity, and environmental factors on the prenatal development of visually impaired or blind individuals. Congenital defects present at birth or birth are due to factors of hereditary, factors of the environment, or maternal ailment (Chadha & Subramanian, 2011). After she gave birth to her son, she interrogated medical professionals as to why Ryan was blind (personal communication, May 25, 2011). Multiple factors may cause birth defects whether in a combination or individually, due to genetic heredity which contributes to such conditions as extra digits on the feet or the hands, color blindness, deafness, and sickle-cell anemia, (Huoponen & Leber, 2001). A defective gene is usually passed on and the condition may not appear in every generation (Hardy, McCracken, Gilkeson, & Sever, 2011).
During the first 3 months of pregnancy, the mother may contract a disease or virus, which may affect the unborn fetus during the prenatal development stage (Hardy, McCracken, Gilkeson, & Sever, 2011). Ms. Haines conveyed what medical professionals reported the cause of Ryan blindness was from rubella virus or German measles, which she contracted during her pregnancy (personal communication, May 25, 2011). The virus infected the fetus which interfered with the fetus’ cell movement and normal metabolism by crossing through the placenta causing the fetus to form cataracts which caused blindness (Hardy, et al., 2011).
Description of how the...
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