Analysis of Health Views
June 23, 2014
Health is an expression representing well-being. Both a sound body as well as a sound mind is needed to constitute good health; it means completeness; something wholesome. Historically and in a variety of societies, notable theorists have underscored the principle that health signifies balance, the equivalent of centered (Antonovsky, 1979). The model of health has also been taken in the context of human parts, for instance, the health of a heart and the health of one’s psychology too. (Ferreira et al., 2001). Broadly, health means an integral view of personal well-being (Goldstein, 2000; Roose et al., 2001). People will refer to this by a means of ascertaining that an individual is healthy or one is in good health. By inference, the notion of health has generally been ascribed to families, communities and as nations too. (Rubinstein et al., 2000). In essence, health can also be ascribed to groups, meaning that healthy people are a group that posses balance, coherence, and in whom we can have confidence in.
The historical perspective on health has also been greatly influenced by cultural values (Gilman, 1995). As demonstration of this, it can be seen that contemporary Western medicine considers the health of an individual or of a body part or person by the application of procedures of technological examinations, investigations and experiments for the establishment of indicators of structure, such as interpretations of medical readings of examination equipment as well as function evaluation, such as organ rates and working ranges. The physician may then establish that an individual is in good health. Still some societies attribute health to the community. If there exist instances of any person being unwell; not in one's usual health or state of mind, the doctor, medicine man or shaman investigates for social relationships that are having difficulties and the manner in which they could be corrected, for instance, amongst the Yanomamö from Venezuela and Brazil (Chagnon, 1992). For this example, health not only eventually exists beyond the individual and sits within the social structure and the interaction with in the community but also within the person articulated in the course of dreams and illusions concerning spirits and ancestors. Health is replicated through common values and association in the society in a believed existing in harmony or reaction in control of a conflict. The most terrible destiny for individuals in the community of this society is to get shunned; to become banished from the group. If this happens, individuals suffer loss of meaning of integrity and belonging. Health also exists within the environment. In this sense, illness also means an imbalance, certain aspects being out of synchronization.
Diverse cultural categories exhibit a wide range of belief systems when speaking of health and healing. Some of the belief systems also consider different disease models, wellness as well as illness paradigms. This also includes certain culturally specific illnesses and syndromes. From a historical perspective, it can be confidently said that suggests that people initially ascribed the causes of ailments to certain categories; reasons within the person such as negative emotion or character; aspects existing in the natural environment such as pollution; agents related to other people or the social environment; and the supernatural aspects including God, fate, and native beliefs for example witchcraft or omen. Views about health and illnesses have progressively transformed over time through human history to the level where people and society no longer attribute the cause of illness only to the individual or the natural world but majorly ascribes it and explains illness causation and health through the western biomedical model of medicine.
All through history, society progressively developed various theories...
References: Antonovsky, A., (1979). Health,Stress and Coping. San Francisco: Jossey–Bass.
Chagnon, Napoleon A. (1992) Yanomamö: The Last DaysofEden. San Diego: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.
Gilman, S., (1995). Health and Illness: Images of Difference. London: Reaktion Press.
Goldstein, M.S. (2000). The Growing Acceptance of Complementary and Alternative Medicine, in Chloe E. Bird, Peter Conrad and Allen M. Fremont (eds), Handbook of Medical Sociology, 5th ed. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice–Hall. pp.284–97.
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Rubinstein, Robert A., Scrimshaw, Susan C. and Morrisey, Suzanne E. (2000). Classification and Process in Sociomedical Understanding: Towards a Multilevel View of Sociomedical Methodology’, in Gary L. Albrecht, Ray Fitzpatrick and Susan C. Scrimshaw (eds), Handbook of Social Studies in Health and Medicine. London: Sage.pp.36–49.
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