Analysis of Ethical Dilemma
Anca Borcan, Marcia DePaolo, Bonnie Dolan, Dawn Menard, Angela Valentine
September 1, 2014
Analysis of Ethical Dilemma What is an ethical violation when conducting research and writing? First we need to look at what ethics means, then determine if any violations have been committed. Ethics is defined as "an area of study that deals with ideas about what is good and bad behavior: a branch of philosophy dealing with what is morally right or wrong" (“Ethics," 2014). The following essay will look at whether a well- known researcher committed an ethical violation when composing an article that was written based on research that he and two graduate students performed. Description of Ethical Considerations The American Psychological Association (APA) Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct (2010), Standard 8.1 states that "Psychologists do not present portions of another 's work or data as their own, even if the other work or data source is cited occasionally " (p. 10). In addition, Standard 8.12 (a) states, "Psychologists take responsibility and credit, including authorship credit, only for work they have actually performed or to which they have substantially contributed" (p. 11).
If the research assistants completed all of the data collection, and made significant contributions to the final article, it is appropriate that they receive credit for their efforts. Where this does not happen, and the article is published listing only the researcher as the primary author, an ethical violation in the form of plagiarism, can be considered.
Ethical Violations It is not mentioned whether or not the researcher had a conversation with his assistants regarding the authorship credit. Authorship expectation should be clearly defined, and informed consent needs to exist between the researcher and collaborators (Mark, Kurdek, 1993). If the assistants declined the right for authorship, the
References: American Psychological Association, (2013). Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct: Including 2010 Amendments. Retrieved from http://www.apa.org/ethics/code/index.aspx?item=1 Ethics. (2014). In Merriam Webster. Retrieved from http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/ethic Fine, M. A., Kurdek L.A. (1993) Reflections on Determining Authorship Credit and Authorship Order on Faculty-Student Collaborations Retrieved from: http://www.csulb.edu/~psy301/authorcre.html