Analyse Different Approaches to the Study of Metal Health and Illness

Topics: Psychiatry, Mental disorder, Psychology Pages: 4 (1357 words) Published: December 3, 2012
Analyse different approaches to the study of metal health and illness.

Mental health refers to our cognitive, and/or emotional well being and is all about how we think, feel and behave. Approximately 1 in 4 people in the UK have a mental health problem at some point in their life. Mental health can affect daily life, relationships and can even affect physical health. For an individual to enjoy life, it is desirable to attain a balance between life activities and efforts to achieve psychological resilience (Nordqvist, C). This essay will explore the various approaches used to understand mental health and illness, referencing well known studies. A historical overview of health will be discussed along with biological views, the labelling theory and anti-psychiatry views. Hippocrates (c.460-377BC) made such an impression on medical history that his name is still very much associated with medicine today. All newly qualified doctors are required to take what is called the ‘Hippocratic Oath’ which is named after him. Hippocrates was the first person to say that people become ill because of scientific reasons and was therefore seen as the father of medicine (Trueman, C). Moving on a few hundred years, Galen (c.130-200AD), doctor to the gladiators viewed mental illness as something that could be fixed with diet, exercise and natural remedies. This period saw mental illness in terms of a medical model (Armstrong, S). During medieval times when the church was very powerful, disease was seen as the work of the devil. Anyone seen to be deviating from the norms of society were tortured, hanged and burned at the stake. This is demonstrated by The Salem Witch Trials of 1692 - at a time when a small pox epidemic and threats from warring tribes created a fertile ground for fear and suspicion, 150 men and women from surrounding towns were put into prisons, their names were 'cried out' by tormented young girls as a cause of their pain. This resulted in 19 of the 150...
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