Anabolic Steroids In Professional Sports

Topics: Major League Baseball / Pages: 7 (1607 words) / Published: Apr 28th, 2017
The use of performance-enhancing drugs, commonly abbreviated as PEDs, in professional sports has been around since the 1960s and since then, there has been numerous situations in which Olympic athletes have lost medals, or platers were given lifelong bans from professional sports because of testing positive for these illegal drugs (“Performance Enhancing…” 1). The several types of PEDs include anabolic steroids, stimulants, human growth hormone, abbreviated as HGH, and diuretics (“Performance Enhancing…” 1). Anabolic steroids help athletes train harder, leading to a quicker development of muscle mass, while being able to recover from the strenuous workout faster (“Performance Enhancing…” 1). Another type of powerful steroid is tetrahydrogestrinone, …show more content…
Drug testing may occur in the NCAA, professional sports, or the Olympic-level (“Drugs Banned…” 1). Testing can occur in or out of competition and at any time and any location (“Drugs Banned…” 1). Failing a test can result in disqualifications, sanctions, and stripping of metals and world titles (“Drugs Banned…” 1). Examples of athletes who faced these penalties include Lance Armstrong, O.J. Mayo, Jarred Tinordi, and Alex Rodriguez. The list goes on and on and involves numerous stellar athletes in all professional sports. The NFL was the first major professional sport to begin testing players for illegal usages of PEDs; however, suspensions were not issued until the 1989 season (“Performance Enhancing…” 1). MLB added steroids to their list of banned substances in 1991, but did not begin testing players until the 2003 season (“Performance Enhancing…” 1). Because of this, on November 13, 2003, MLB announced that five-to-seven percent of the 1,438 tests were positive during the 2003 season, equaling seventy-one to one-hundred tests (Calcaterra 1). Since this percentage was well above the threshold, the MLB set mandatory tests for PEDs with punishments for the first time in Major League history and in June 2004, MLB began drug testing ball players under the punitive phase of the Joint Drug Agreement (Calcaterra 1). Every professional sport has an …show more content…
Some people think they should be legal, others feel they are cheating. Economically, there is evidence for both sides of the argument. First, when a player is suspended, they do not receive any pay for the time of their suspension. This ultimately saves the team money. On average, an NBA player receives an annual salary of $5.15 million, the highest of all professional athletes (Manfred 1). When a player is suspended, they lose 1/110th of their salary, saving the team $46,818.18 per game (Lund 1). As for the NFL, the average player makes $1.9 million, resulting in $118,750 saved due to a suspension (Manfred 1). This average is the lowest among the professional athletes (Manfred 1). The average salary for MLB players is $3.2 million, meaning for each day a suspension lasts result in $17,486.34 saved by the team (Manfred 1). Finally, the average NHL player makes $2.4 million a year (Manfred 1). When calculated, this comes out to $29,268.29 lost per game (Manfred 1). Overall, for every day a player is suspended, the team saves tens of thousands or even hundreds of thousands of dollars

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