Anabolic Steroids

Topics: Testosterone, Anabolic steroid, Androgen Pages: 6 (1713 words) Published: October 8, 1999
Anabolic Steroids

Anabolic steroids are synthetic coumpounds formulated to be like the male sex hormone testosterone. Many athletes use anabolic steroids male and female alike, such as body builders , weightlifters, baseball players, football players, swimmers, and runners. They do so because they mistakenly believe that they will gain strength and size.

In a male testosterone is released by the leydig cells in the testes. The testosterone has two main functions androgenic and anabolic. Androgenic is the development of male sex characteristics. Anabolic is the development of muscle tissue.

To treat patients who suffer from a natural lack of testosterone pharmacoligists alter one form of testosterone slightly, increasing th length of time the drug is active. Testosterone was first isolated in 1935, soon forms of testosterone such as dianabol, durabolin, deca-durabolin, and winstrol were produced.

One of the main effects of anabolic steroids is to increase the number of red blood cells and muscle tissue without producing much of the androgenic effects of testosterone. There are only four legal uses for steroids treatment for certain forms of cancer, pituatary dwarfism, and serious hormone disturbances.

There are two forms of anabolic steroids those taken orally and those injected. The immediate effects of both are mood swings of many different kinds. In one study, physicians Ian Wilson, Arthur Prang, Jr., and Patricio Lara found that four out of five men suffering from dippresion when given a steroid suffered from dillusions. A research team from Great Britain Found that a

patient given steroids became dizzy, dissoriented, and incoherent. Physicians William Layman and William Annitto have had a case of a young man who was diagnosed as schizophrenic took steroids
to help with his wieghtlifting. After
taking these drugs he suffered severe deppresion and anxiety and had trouble sleeping.

Most people who use steroids do not have side affects this severe. Steroids make changes in the electroencephalogram (an image of brain ellectrical activity). Researchers believe that these changes are responsible for some of the behavior changes in users of steroids like increased hostility and aggressivness.

Even though there not supposed to some of the masculinizing effects of testosterone still show on users of anabolic steroid . People who use them sometimes develop acne, deepend voice, abnormal hair growth. Some of these side effects can not be reveresed. Men who use steroids may become more or less interested in sex.

The most severe effect of anabolic steroids is on the liver they call it peliosis hepatis or blood filled cysts in the liver. If the cysts rupture they can cause liver failure which can kill a person. After stoping the use of steroids though these cysts may become smaller and disappear . Steroids can also

cause cancerous tumors in the liver that can also kill they can also disappear

if the drugs are not used anymore. Steroids are also increase the risk of getting gallstones.

Use of steroids also effects your cardiovascular system. There are two kinds of cholesterol in your body high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol. HDL is good for the body but LDL is very hazardous to your health. Using steroids lowers the number of HDL in the body in most of the users. The lowering of the amount of HDL in the body puts the person at a higher risk of developing high blood pressure and blood-clotting problems. Some of the physicians also think that steroids also cause abnormal fat deposits in the body and changes the way the body processes carbohydrates.

Men who use steroids also can develop serious reproductive system problems. Steroids lower the amount of sperm in the semen which makes conception difficult or even impossible. A mans testes will decrease in size, and the amount of natural testosterone and the hormones that nourish them also...
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