An Outline of the Basic Concepts of Narrative Therapy.

Topics: Therapy, Psychotherapy, Social constructionism Pages: 7 (2072 words) Published: July 28, 2013
An outline of the basic concepts of Narrative therapy.
Narrative therapy
Michael white and David Epston are best known for their use of narrative in therapy. According to white individuals construct the meaning of life in interpretive stories which are then treated as truth. Adopting a postmodern, narrative, social constructionist view sheds light on how power knowledge and truth are negotiated in families and other social and cultural contexts. Key concepts

Focus
narrative therapy involves adopting a shift in focus from most traditional theories. Therapists listen respectfully to clients stories to search for times in the clients lives where they were resourceful, use questions as a way to engage clients, avoid diagnosing and labeling clients, assisting clients in mapping the influence a problem has had on their lives and to assist the client in separating themselves from the dominant stories they have internalized so that creation of new stories can occur. The role of stories

the stories we live our lives by shape our reality in that they construct and constitute what we see, feel and do. Clients tend to be the victors or heroes of their own stories and the therapist is privileged to be a part of this unfolding process. Listening with an open mind

All social constructionist theories place an emphasis on listening to clients without judgment or blame, affirming and valuing them. Therapists can encourage their clients to reconsider absolutist judgments by moving toward seeing both “good” and “bad” elements in situations. Narrative therapists aim to help clients create new meaning from the stories clients share. As the client tells their story the therapist is able to listen for opportunities where the client was able to overcome difficulties in the past thus highlighting the clients own strengths. One of the therapist’s roles is to remind the client that they are able to capable of managing and overcoming the problems they face even when the client is not able to see this. Another important role the narrative therapist undertakes is to separate the problem from the client by listening and responding. Narrative therapists do not assume an expert stance and clients are the primary interpreters of their own experiences, thus the process of change can be facilitated but not directed by the therapist. The therapeutic process

There are several steps in the therapeutic process but it is important to remember that they do not follow a linear progression. •Create a mutually acceptable name for the problem with the client •Personify the problem and attribute oppressive intentions and tactics to it •Investigate how the problem has been disrupting or discouraging the client •Invite the client to see his or her story from a different perspective •Discover moments when the client wasn’t dominated by the problem •Find historical evidence that the client was able to overcome problems in the past •As the client to speculate about what kind of future could be expected from this new competent person who is emerging from the newly constructed story •Find or create an audience for perceiving and supporting the new story It is more realistic to consider events happening in a cyclical progression containing the following elements; •Move problem stories toward externalized descriptions of problems •Map the effects of a problem on the individual

Listen to signs of strength and competence in an individual’s problem saturated stories •Build a new story of competence and document these achievements Therapy goals
a general goal of narrative therapy is to invite the client to describe their experience in new and fresh language. In doing this the client explores new possibilities and enables clients to develop new meanings for problematic thoughts, feelings and behaviours. Narrative therapy almost always includes an awareness of the impact of various aspects of the dominant culture on human life. Therapists function and role

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