An Introduction to the Concept of Law in Malaysia

Topics: Appeal, Law, Judge, Malaysia, Court, Supreme Court of the United States / Pages: 7 (1532 words) / Published: Apr 17th, 2011
Law is defined as any system of regulations to govern the conduct of the people of a community, society or nation. It is the governmental response to society's need for both regularity, consistency and justice based upon collective human experience. A statute, ordinance, or regulation enacted by the legislative branch of a government and signed into law, or in some nations created by decree/judgement without any democratic process. This is distinguished from "natural law" which is not based on statute, but on common understanding of what is right and proper (often based on moral and religious precepts as well as common understanding of fairness and justice). "by-laws“ is a generic term for any body of regulations for conduct, including specialized rules (military law, uniform building), moral conduct under various religions, and for organizations

Concept of Law in Malaysia
Organization of Courts 2. The Appeal System 3. Bodies with Specialized Jurisdiction

Organization of Courts
The Malaysian court system is organized in a hierarchy like a pyramid with the subordinate courts at the base The administration of justice in Malaysia is a federal matter and courts are therefore federal. Even if the issue being litigated is one involving a state law, land matters, it would be tried in the courts constituted by federal law. The only state courts are: the Syariah Courts and the Native Courts in Sabah and Sarawak

Organization of Courts
Superior Courts
Federal Court
High High Court of Court of Malaya Borneo Sessions Court Sessions Court

Subordinate Courts

MagisJuvenile trates’ Court Court Penghulu’s Court

Magistrates’ Court

Juvenile Court

Superior Courts

The Federal Court
Previously known as the Supreme Court, it was renamed the Federal Court of Malaysia effective from June 24, 1994, and is now the final court of appeal for Malaysia. The highest court in Malaysia. The Federal Court consists of the Chief Justice, the President of the Court of

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