Approach to Care Planning
The aim of this assignment is to explore a needs orientated approach to care, and use a model of nursing – Roper, Logan and Tierney (RLT) model – to formulate a care plan. The RLT model of nursing is based on 12 activities of daily living and it provides a framework for nurses to plan and deliver appropriate nursing care. By using the activities of daily living when gathering information about a patient a nurse can begin a problem solving approach to care planning, however, as suggested by Barrett et al (2009), the nursing model not only provides questions to ask during the assessment of a patient, but they offer beliefs and values and instructions to what is important and relevant during the process of care planning. “The nursing process is the tool or methodology of professional nursing that assists nurses in arriving at decisions and helps them predict and evaluate consequences.” George (2002). The RLT model was created in 1980 for educational purposes – students and teachers - and was the first UK model to be used in a variety of settings; it is now used in many parts of the world and has been translated into 8 other languages, it is also popular with UK nurses and is one of the most commonly used within the UK according to Tierney, (1998). Barrett, et al suggests it is popular in the UK as it is written by British nurses and is easily understood. RLT’s model of nursing follows the process of assessment, planning, implementation and evaluation, this is also known as APIE which enables the nurse to carry out a care plan which provides complete holistic care. RLT’s model focuses on individuality, dependence-independence continuum, progression along a life span continuum and influencing factors. Barrett (2009) have also introduced ASPIRE which includes assessment, systematic nursing diagnosis, implementation, recheck and evaluate.
A care plan is included as