An explanation of how children and young people's development is influenced by: a range of exernal factors; a range of personal factors

Topics: Developmental psychology, Psychology, Child development, Cerebral palsy, Dyslexia, Jean Piaget / Pages: 6 (1682 words) / Published: May 4th, 2014
A childs development can be affected by both personal and external factors. Personal factors are those that are sepcific to an individual child and external factors are those that could theoretically affect each and every child.

Personal factors include the following:

Health
Some children’s development may be affected by a pre-existing health condition. For example a baby’s development can be affected during the pregnancy, if a mother smokes, takes drugs, drinks alcohol or contracts certain infections such as rubella.
Foetal Alcohol Syndrome occurs when a mother drinks large amounts of alcohol during her pregnancy. This condition will usually affect a child’s cognitive and physical development. The amount of alcohol consumed, as well as, when during the pregnancy it was drunk and whether it involved binge drinking or large amounts being drunk on a regular basis, will affect the level of disability caused. FAS can also cause delays in physical development as the child maybe underweight, problems with feeding and speech due to facial abnormalites and neurological problems such as alcohol withdrawal, problems with memory and communication and a low IQ.
A range of developmental areas can be affected by a health issue not just the physical development. For example:
• Their ability to make friends. A child who is repeatedly away from school may not be able to get to know the other children.
• Their education. Days maybe missed due to hospital or doctor’s appointments or long periods of time missed because of hospitilisation or just not feeling well enough to go to school.
• A lack of confidence and low self esteem. They may have to rely heavily on adults in some areas of their lives and have little or no sense of self-reliance. Many doctors are now encouraging children to be partially responsible to their condition, for example children with diabetes are often encouraged to inject themselves.
• Missed opportunities. Some children may not be able to take

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