An Overall View of HIV/AIDS Statistics in UK:
According to the Bureau of Hygiene and Tropical Diseases, in the early 1980s, the number of people diagnosed with HIV was a increasing steadily. From 1987 to 1990 the cumulative number of HIV diagnoses reported was almost doubled (from 8,016 to 15,166) (1, 2). Between 1990 and 1997 there were between 2,000 and 2,700 HIV diagnoses reported annually.(3) From 1999 there was a huge rate of increase in the number of annual HIV Infected people, peak period was in 2005 standing at 7,982. During Past subsequent years, a slight decrease in the number of HIV diagnoses was found, but now a day’s number of new diagnoses is still higher compared with that of pre-2003 period.
In the mid-1990s the introduction of combination antiretroviral treatment has resulted in a notable decline in the number of AIDS cases and deaths reported a year. Near-around 750 people living with HIV died in 1997, compared to 1,723 in 1995. Since 1998 the number of deaths among HIV infected people has remained more or less constant, with an average around 400 to 500 per year. The Purpose of this report is to evaluate the methods & steps for care & prevention of HIV-AIDS diagnoses in UK.
Statement of Problem (Background):
Year 2011 is the 30th year since the first reports of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) was generated. In June 1981, five young homosexual men in Los Angeles were reported to have Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia and case histories suggesting a cellular-immune dysfunction related to a common exposure (4). They were the first cases of having AIDS. Ten days later, the first UK case of AIDS was reported in a young man with hemophilia, followed by further reports of AIDS among homosexual men. To till date, 120,000 people have been diagnosed with HIV in the UK, of whom 27,000 have developed AIDS and more than 20,000 have died. The development of an HIV test in 1984 led to the establishment of
References: Used to conduct this report: 1: Bureau of Hygiene and Tropical Diseases (1988, 15th April) 'UK statistics ', AIDS Newsletter, Vol. 3, Issue 5 2: Bureau of Hygiene and Tropical Diseases (1991, 28th January) 'Statistics ', AIDS Newsletter, Vol. 6, Issue 2 3: Public Health Laboratory Service AIDS Centre & the Scottish Centre for Infection & Environmental Health (1998, February) 'AIDS/HIV Quarterly Surveillance Tables: UK data to end December 1997 ' 4: CDC. Pneumocystis pneumonia– Los Angeles. MMWR 1981; 30:250-2. Accessed 12 December 2011. http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/resources/reports/mmwr/1981.htm. 5: May M, Gompels M, Delpech V, Porter K, Post F, et al. Impact of late diagnosis and treatment on life expectancy in people with HIV-1: UK Collaborative HIV Cohort (UK CHIC) Study. BMJ. 2011 Oct 11; 343:d6016. 6: Health Protection Agency (2011). HIV in the United Kingdom: 2011 report Location: Kent & White chapel, London