Additionally, after the first World War, different groups of international contributors were found across Europe. In Holland, Theo Van Doesburg and a small group of artists, founded a movement and magazine named De Stijl in 1917. The iconic elements in the works of supporters of this artistic movement were simple compositions of vertical and horizontal lines with black, grey, white and primary colors. In Germany, modernism started in Bauhaus (1919-1933), a school of art and design. It was founded by Walter Gopius and directed by the architect, Mies van der Rohe in its last year. The main purpose of this school was to focus on functional design in architecture and the applied arts.
1. Louis Sullivan’s Wainwright Building, St. Louis, 1890-92.
As in 1890s, the 10-story Wainwright building in Chicago was considered as a skyscraper, which’s exterior was designed for its interior purpose. The first floor was designed for shops, and the public offices were on the second floor and the next 7 floors were dedicated to
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