An Argument That Abortion Is Wrong

Topics: Pregnancy, Abortion, Fetus Pages: 5 (1861 words) Published: February 24, 2012
Philosophy 101
An Argument That Abortion Is Wrong.
The purpose of this essay is to set out an argument that abortion is wrong. Some claim that only in “rare” instances, such as rape or within a few days of contraception, abortion is acceptable. I will agree that there are certain circumstances that abortion is more “acceptable” than other times, albeit however few and far between these instances arise. Instances that make abortion more “okay” are rape, and once it is discovered that the mother's life is in danger if she were to carry the baby the full term of the pregnancy. The basis for my argument comes from reading two opposing essays on abortion , in regards to whether it is “right” or wrong, “A defense of Abortion” by Judith Jarvis Thomson and “An Argument that Abortion is Wrong” by Don Marquis. My initial thoughts when writing this paper in support or in opposition to either of these essays I feel it necessary to point out that Judith Thomson is a woman who is for a woman's right to choose, while Don Marquis is a man that believes abortion to be wrong. As much as I agree with Marquis, I do so cautiously considering the fact that I am a man, and I also believe that abortion, except in rare and unfortunate circumstances (rape or the mother's life is in danger) is wrong. While I will never have the natural god given ability to bare a child, I still feel as though I have a right to make an opinion and judgment call on the basis of hypothetically speaking that I could be a father someday. I assume that it would be fair to assume that Thomson and Marquis both had to consider their own physical make-up when writing their essays and the ingrain bias that creates. There must also be some life experiences that effect both authors opinion that could include personal experiences with abortion (although it is not written in either essay. i.e. Thomson may have had an abortion or Marquis could have had a girlfriend that had an abortion for purely selfish reasons.) Both Marquis and Thomson make very strong arguments for their respective sides of the argument, however, I feel that Marquis makes more rational arguments while Thomson may let her own bias effect her reasoning in making a rational decision about abortion. In Thomson's argument she creates an experiment. It’s an analogy that uses a normal person, male or female, and a famous violinist. Let’s say the Society of Music Lovers kidnaps you, and hooks you up to this dying violinist. If you choose to unhook yourself, the violinist will die, but if you let him stay hooked up to you to use your kidneys (for a period of nine months), then he will be cured and both of you will be free. Thomson asks what a person’s obligations in this situation are, and, in an argument, she says it would be ridiculous to be stay in bed with the violinist, and thus you are able to leave at any time. You shouldn’t feel responsible for the death of the violinist. As if it has not been your problem nor is it your problem. But this argument falls to realize your free-will and that by being selfish, this decision will always be a memory in your mind and conscious, that you are responsible for the violinist's death. While Thomson's argument tries to draw the correlation between her analogy and rape as the exception, it is seemingly really far fetched and unrealistic. This leads me to asking why is rape the only time that abortion is truly “acceptable”? It is generally, socially acceptable to get an abortion in the case of rape because of the life long reminder of a horrible event in a woman/ families life. The rape was not welcomed, otherwise it would not be called a rape, it was not a drunk mishap at a college party, it was not laziness to not have the man put a condom on, it was a federal offense (felony) against, for all intensive purposes, committed against an innocent woman. Thus the question becomes, should this woman be stuck (by law) going thru 9 months of pregnancy only to have to...
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