The purpose of this research is to understand the relationship between true profession and emergency management. The founding of this research would determine whether emergency management is a true profession or not.
The first part of this research will define profession in different point of views. It is necessary to understand the concept of true profession, and their requirements. These requirements will be analyzed into three categories. The second part of this research will define emergency management and the requirements of emergency manager. The last part of this research will compare the definition and requirement for both true profession and emergency management. The conclusion will be draw upon the founding within this research.
Definition of a profession
Profession have variety of meanings, Mazoleny (2007) defines a profession is an individual who we as a customer, a client, a patient, have entrusted them to render a service for us. Base on their acquired knowledge, past experience, and personal reputation, people would selected and trust them to carry on the work because they are the masters of their chosen trade. “We have trusted them to make the choice, when we are not capable of making the choice ourselves (p.8).” Sociologist defines profession as higher education, formal certification, full-time activity, earning a living, organizations professional society and code of ethics. (Kasher, 2005) Requirement of a profession
With the definitions above, the following is the requirements of a profession. A profession requires advanced education and training through school and work experience. A profession defines and applies a body of knowledge, and has a system for developing and teaching the body of knowledge to newcomers. A profession should set minimum standard of relevant knowledge as a requirement for membership. In additional, a profession has a set of ethical standards. (Lindell, Prater, and Perry, 2007) A research done by Lam (2005) was trying to define the different between profession and vocation. The result appears that the requirements for profession are very similar to the one above. He notes that a profession is recognized by license or certification, their knowledge and skill are usually related to the social welfare, and should have code of ethics to avoid the abuse of their own judgment/knowledge which could possibly harm the public welfare.
With the concept above, the requirements could be analyzed into three categories, membership certification, organized body of knowledge and ethical standard. A certification is to ensure that an individual has the ability to solve specific problems by demonstrate your knowledge (Lindell et al, 2007). Mazoleny (2007) says “No one can function in any professional area unless he knows how to solve typical and ordinary problems that arises in it (p.12).” Trank and Rynes (2003) states that a profession should have a membership rule to exclude unqualified people, and should establish regulation to define, support and manage the affairs of its members. It is the same idea with body of knowledge. “No one can function in any professional area with only the basis of common sense or general education (Mazoleny, 2007, p.12).” The body of knowledege is usually science-based, and the existing knowledge would innovate and extend the knowledge base. In other words, a profession should be able to develop and extend the body of knowledge base on the existing knowledge. Lindell et al (2007) extends that knowledge is systematic, and there are rules for generating, evaluating, and using that knowledge. As Lam (2005) and Lindell et al (2007) points out, profession should have a code of ethics for other individual that belongs to the field to act in term of professional norms. Code of ethics provides members with “a larger and putatively higher goal that may reach beyond that of those they are supposed to serve (Friedson,...
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