It is often said that Hamlet is the most remarkable work by Shakespeare in his dramas. The story tells of the previous king of Denmark –old Hamlet-who has been assassinated by his brother Claudius, who has inherited the throne and married his brother’s widow Gertrude. There is also trouble from abroad—on the ramparts of the castle at Elsinore, sentinels stand guard against a foreign threat of invasion by the prince of Norway. The ghost of the murdered king appears there ,asking to be avenged .Hamlet promises to obey ,and while seeking evidence that this was really his father’s ghost and that he spoke the truth, he puts on an appearance of insanity to avoid suspicion and to plan his revenge. His madness is interpreted as caused by his love for Ophelia, daughter of the Lord Chamberlain Polonius. Hamlet “loved” Ophelia “once” but now treats her with cruel sarcasm. As one of Shakespeare’s tragedies, Hamlet is full of tragic aspects: it describes a disordered world, and also a world with strong self-consciousness which reflected the general uncertainness and complications in the period of the Renaissance. In such a special time, there are all the kinds of formation；Claudius’ schemes to seize the state power; the ethics between the ghost and his son; the sincere feelings between Hamlet and Ophelia; forsaking friendship’s with old classmates; simultaneous acts of revenge ; the failure of humanism and so on. With all the formation organized, it forms Hamlet’s unique artistic charm and literal achievement, which reveals the tragic aspects of human beings incisively and vividly.
1. General Introduction of the Story
It is a story of a prince’s revenge for his father’s death in Denmark. The King of Denmark died, young prince Hamlet who was starting further education abroad returned to his country. To his disbelief, his mother married his uncle Claudius just after the old King’s death. A ghost who looked like the old King emerged one night, and told Hamlet that it was Claudius who killed him, so Hamlet vowed to take revenge. He began to pretend to be mad, and left his lover Ophelia. To spy upon the reflection of Claudius, Hamlet arranged a play which was written by him. Meanwhile Ophelia was drawn because of her father’s death and her lover Hamlet’s drifting apart from her. Her brother Laertes was very angry; he asked to fight with Hamlet. Then Claudius arranged a sword match for them, in which Hamlet was killed by a poisoned sword, Laertes was mortally wounded. The Queen (Hamlet’s mother) died from the poisonous wine which was prepared for Hamlet by Claudius. Before death, Laertes told the truth. Finally Hamlet killed Claudius, pay for with the price of his own life.. 2. Three Simultaneous Plots of Revenge
In Hamlet, there are three simultaneous plots of revenge, which give more details to help us learn the tragedy aspects in it. Based on the concept of the time, all the three characters should seek revenge for their relatives. Of the three characters, there are two groups of comparison: Laertes and Hamlet are both comparatively young men in a court dominated by the middle aged; both are described as being popular with the people in Denmark; their common love for Ophelia units them thematically in the fourth act; and the ensuing swordfight which results in both their deaths makes clear the extent to which they are each other’s opposites; both give themselves the task of avenging the death of a relative; both are spied on by their parents. Young Fortinblas, shaves a few similarities with Hamlet: he too is the nephew of a King; he too is any enemy of Claudius; he too is seeking some sort of vengeance following the death of his father. 2.1 Laertes’s Simple Idea to Revenge
Laertes’ plan and execution of revenge can be described as “simple”. He is noble and dignified in his appearance, while in fact there is nothing in his mind. He is impulsive and narrow minded. Though he realizes his error and...
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